2342. chuwl
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chuwl: bear
Original Word: חוּל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: chuwl
Phonetic Spelling: (khool)
Short Definition: bear

I. חוּל [חִיל] verb whirl, dance, writhe (Late Hebrew, Aramaic id., dance; Arabic change, turn; Assyrian —îlu, writhe in fear DlPr 191 (on = see DHMZK i. 357); on form of Hebrew

verb see NöZMG. 1883, 536) —

Qal Perfect3feminine singular חָ֫לָה Micah 1:12 2t.; וְחָלָה֫ consecutive Hosea 11:6; חַלְתִּי Isaiah 23:4; חָ֫לוּ Jeremiah 5:3 (but see below), Lamentations 4:6; וְחָלוּ֫ Deuteronomy 2:25; חַ֫לְנוּ Isaiah 26:18; Imperfect יָחוּל Jeremiah 23:19; Jeremiah 30:23; 3feminine singular תָּחוּל Ezekiel 30:16 Qr (Kt Co תחיל); וַתָּחֹ֑ל Jeremiah 51:29; אחולה Jeremiah 4:19 Kt (Qr אוֺחִילָה, Hiph`il יחל); יָחֻ֫לוּ 2 Samuel 3:29; but also יָחִיל Psalm 55:5 (Job 20:21 see II. חול); וַיָּ֫חֶל 1 Samuel 31:3 = 1 Chronicles 10:3 + Genesis 8:10 (where read probably וַיִּיָּ֫חֶל as Genesis 8:12; = וַיְיַחֵל Ol Di); 3 feminine singular תָּחִיל Isaiah 26:17 2t. + Ezekiel 30:16 Kt (compare above); וַתָּ֑חֶל Psalm 97:4; 2feminine singular תְּחִלִין Isaiah 45:10; וָחִילוּ Psalm 77:17+ 3t. (Psalm 10:5 see II. חול); וַיָּחִ֫ילוּ Judges 3:25; יְחִילוּן Isaiah 13:8; תָּחִ֫ילוּ Jeremiah 5:22; Imperative feminine singular חוּ֫לִי Micah 4:10; Psalm 114:7; masculine plural חִילוּ Psalm 96:9; 1 Chronicles 16:30; Infinitive construct (לָ)חוּל Judges 21:21; Ezekiel 30:16 ( = Infinitive absolute); Participle feminine singular חוֺלָה Jeremiah 4:31 see Gf Gie and Ges§ 72 R. 1; —

1 dance Judges 21:21 (לָחוּל בַּמְּחֹלוֺת).

2 twist, writhe:

a. in pain, especially childbirth Isaiah 26:17; Isaiah 45:10 ׳מַהתֿח ("" מהתֿוליד; metaphor, of sea Isaiah 23:4 ("" ילד); Israel Isaiah 26:18 ("" חרה), Isaiah 54:1 ("" ילד); Zion Isaiah 66:7,8 ("" id.), Micah 4:10 ("" גֹּ֫חִי, simile כיולדה; compare see 9), Jeremiah 4:31.

b. figurative, be in severe pain, or anguish (mostly in poetry and elevated prose), followed by מפני Deuteronomy 2:25 ("" רגז, compare also מַּחַד and יִרְאָה va); Ezekiel 30:16; Psalm 96:9; Jeremiah 5:22 ("" ירא); followed by מִלִּפְנֵי 1 Chronicles 16:30; Psalm 114:7; absolute Psalm 55:5 ("" אימות מָוֶת נפלו עלי), Jeremiah 4:19 Kt, Psalm 77:17 ("" רגז) Psalm 97:4; Isaiah 13:8; Isaiah 23:5; Jeremiah 51:29 ("" רָעַשׁ), Joel 2:6; Zechariah 9:5 ("" ירא), probably also 1 Samuel 31:3 (compare 1 Samuel 28:5) = 1 Chronicles 10:3, compare Öttli; figurative of mountains Habakkuk 3:10.

c. in contrition Jeremiah 5:3, חָ֫לוּ derived from חול Ew Gf Gie; < ᵑ6 Ra Hi Ke and others from חלה (wrongly accented; see חלה Qal 2).

d. in anxious longing עַד בּוֺשׁ Judges 3:25, followed by לְ Micah 1:12 (on Genesis 8:10, compare above)

3 whirl, whirl about עַלרֿאֹשׁ יוֺאָב (i.e. blood — דמים — of Abner, from sword) 2 Samuel 3:29; of attack of sword itself Hosea 11:6 ("" כִּלָּה, אכל), compare Lamentations 4:6 לא חָ֫לוּ בה ידים; of tempest על ראשׁ רשׁעים יחול Jeremiah 23:19 (v:a סער מִתְחוֺלֵל) = Jeremiah 30:23 (v:a סַעַר מִתְגּוֺרֵר).

Po`lel. Imperfect יְחוֺלֵל Psalm 29:9; 3feminine singular תְּחוֺלֵל Proverbs 25:23; suffix תְּחוֺלֶלְכֶם Isaiah 51:2; 2masculine singular תְּחוֺלֵל Job 35:14; וַתְּחוֺלֵל Psalm 90:2; Infinitive construct חֹלֵל Job 39:1; Participle מְחוֺלֵל Proverbs 26:10; מְחֹלֶלְךָ Deuteronomy 32:18; מְחֹלְלֶוֺת Judges 21:23; — 1 Samuel 18:6; Psalm 87:7 see below; on חֹלְלָה Job 26:13 see חלל; —

1 dance Judges 21:23, so perhaps also 1 Samuel 18:6 (read הַמְּחֹלְלוֺת ᵐ5 We Dr; and חֹלֲלִים participle (מ omitted) Psalm 87:7 RV Pe De Che Bae; compare Qal 1).

2 writhe in travail with, bear, bring forth (poetry), of Sarah, mother of Israel, Isaiah 51:2 ("" אַבְרָהָם אֲבִיכֶם); of hinds Job 39:1; Psalm 29:9 (causative ); figurative of ׳יs producing earth Psalm 90:2 ("" יֻלָּד֑וּ); of his bringing forth Israel (with difficulty, see Di) Deuteronomy 32:18 of north wind bringing forth rain Proverbs 25:23; רַב מְחוֺלֵל כִּ֑ל Proverbs 26:10 a master produceth everything (on transitive see VB; Ew and others derive from חלל wound).

3 wait anxiously (compare Qal 2 d), followed by לְ Job 35:14 (Elihu).

Po`lal. Perfect חוֺלָ֑לתִּי Psalm 51:7 2t.; חוֺלָ֑לְתָּ Job 15:7; Imperfect יְחוֺלָ֑לוּ Job 26:5; —

1 be made to writhe Job 26:5 (הָֽרְפָאִים).

2 be brought forth Job 15:7 ("" תִּוָּלֵד), Psalm 51:7 ("" יחם), metaphor of wisdom Proverbs 8:24,25.

Hiph`il Imperfect יָחִיל Psalm 29:8 (twice in verse) cause to be an anguish, with accusative מִדְבָּר, subject ׳י.

Hoph`al Imperfect יוּחַל Isaiah 66:8 be born (= travailed with, Che), subject אֶרֶץ ("" יִוָּלֵד גוי).

Hithpo`el 1. Participle מִתְחוֺלֵל whirling ׳סַעַר מתח Jeremiah 23:19 ( = סער מִתְגּוֺרֵר Jeremiah 30:23).

2 writhing, suffering torture Job 15:20 (of life of wicked).

3 Imperative הִתְחוֺלֵל Psalm 37:7 wait longingly followed by לְ for, "" דּוֺם.

Hithpalpel Imperfect3feminine singular וַתִּתְחַלְחַל Esther 4:4 and she writhed in anxiety.

II. [חול, חִיל] verb be firm, strong (Aramaic Pa`el strengthen, חֵילָא, strength; Palmyrene רב חילא רבא general-in-chief VogNo. 28 and others; Sabean חֿיל SabDenkm91 (on חֿל in Sabean: proper name see HalJAS Juin, 1872, 533); Ethiopic be strong, strength, army, strong; Assyrian —â(i)ltu, army Flood Tabl.iii. 22 (—aiialtu JägerBAS i. 461); possibly compare Arabic horses (as strong ones? compare Psalm 33:17)) — only

Qal Imperfect in לֹא יָחִיל טוּבוֺ Job 20:21 his prosperity is not firm (does not endure); יָחִילוּ דְרָכָוּ֯ בְּכָלעֵֿת Psalm 10:5 his ways are always firm (stable, prosperous), so Ol De Pe Che and others

bear, make to bring forth, make to calve, dance, drive away, fall grievously with pain

Or chiyl {kheel}; a primitive root; properly, to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), i.e. (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively, to wait, to pervert -- bear, (make to) bring forth, (make to) calve, dance, drive away, fall grievously (with pain), fear, form, great, grieve, (be) grievous, hope, look, make, be in pain, be much (sore) pained, rest, shake, shapen, (be) sorrow(-ful), stay, tarry, travail (with pain), tremble, trust, wait carefully (patiently), be wounded.

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