2603. chanan
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chanan: beseech
Original Word: חָנַן
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: chanan
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-nan')
Short Definition: beseech

I. חָנַן verb shew favour, be gracious (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic חֲנַן ; Arabic yearn towards, long for, be merciful, compassionate, favourable, inclined towards; Sabean חן in proper name חן מסבררהם DHMEpigr. Denkm. 40; Phoenician חנן in חן favour, and proper name as אלחנן, חננבעל; Assyrian in derivatives annu, grace, favour, unninu, têninu nannu, id., LotzTP ZimBP 23, 66) —

Qal Perfect חָנַן Genesis 33:5; suffix חַנַּ֫נִי Genesis 33:11; יְ֯חַנַּנִי 2 Samuel 12:22; חַנֹּתִי Exodus 33:19; חָנָ֑נוּ Lamentations 4:16; Imperfect יֶחֱנַן Amos 5:15; יָחֹן Deuteronomy 28:50; וַיָּ֫חָן 2 Kings 13:23; suffix יָחְנְךָ Genesis 43:29; Isaiah 30:19; וִיחֻנֶּךָָ Numbers 6:25; יְחֻנֶּנּוּ Isaiah 27:11; Job 33:24; יְחָנֵּנוּ Psalm 67:2; Psalm 123:2; Malachi 1:9; תָּחֹן Psalm 59:6; suffix תְּחָנֵּם Deuteronomy 7:2; אָחֹן Exodus 33:19; Imperative suffix חָנֵּנִי Psalm 4:2 17t. Psalms; חָנְנֵנִי Psalm 9:14 (Baer pts. חַנְנֵנִי); חָנֵּנוּ Isaiah 33:2; Psalm 123:3 (twice in verse); חָנּוּנוּ Judges 21:22; חָנּנִֻי Job 19:21 (twice in verse); Infinitive absolute חָנוֺן Isaiah 30:19; construct חַנּוֺת Psalm 77:10; חֶנְנָהּ Psalm 102:14; חֲנַנְכֶם Isaiah 30:18; Participle חֹנֵן Proverbs 14:31; חוֺנֵן Psalm 37:21 5t. Psalms, Proverbs — favour, shew favour; 1 of man:

a. Judges 21:22 favour us with them (2 accusative; i.e. by giving them to us).

b. in dealing with the poor, needy, and orphans, absolute Psalm 37:21; Psalm 37:26 = Psalm 112:5; with accusative Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 19:17; Proverbs 28:8;

c. לְ Psalm 109:12.

c. by considering and sparing, with accusative Deuteronomy 7:2; Deuteronomy 28:50; Lamentations 4:16; Job 19:21 (twice in verse).

2 of God,

a. in the bestowal of favours, with accusative Genesis 33:11 (E), Genesis 43:29 (J), Numbers 6:25 (P), 2 Samuel 12:22; double accusative Genesis 33:5 (E), תּוֺרָֽתְךָ חָנֵּנִי be gracious unto me (in giving) thy law Psalm 119:29.

b. usually in the bestowal of redemption from enemies, evils, and sins; absolute Psalm 77:10, elsewhere with accusative Exodus 33:19 (twice in verse) (JE), Amos 5:15; 2 Kings 13:23; Isaiah 27:11; Isaiah 30:18,19 (twice in verse); Isaiah 33:2; Malachi 1:9; Psalm 4:2; Psalm 6:3; Psalm 9:14; Psalm 25:16; Psalm 26:11; Psalm 27:7; Psalm 30:11; Psalm 31:10; Psalm 41:5; Psalm 41:11; Psalm 51:3; Psalm 56:2; Psalm 57:2 (twice in verse); Psalm 59:6; Psalm 67:2; Psalm 86:3; Psalm 86:16; Psalm 102:14; Psalm 119:58; Psalm 119:132; Psalm 123:2; Psalm 123:3 (twice in verse); Job 33:24. — Job 19:17 see II. חנן

Niph`al Perfect2feminine singular נֵחַנְתְּ Jeremiah 22:23 be pitied (compare נֵאַרארר) but ᵐ5 ᵑ6 ᵑ9 express groan (i.e. נֶאֱנַחְתְּ), which is favoured by context, and adopted by Hi Ew Gf Gie and others

Pi`el Imperfect3masculine singular make gracious, favourable כִּייְֿחַנֵּן קוֺלוֺ Proverbs 26:25.

Poe`l Imperfect3masculine singular direct favour to (Ges§ 55, 1) וְאֶתעֲֿפָרָהּ יְחֹנֵנוּ Psalm 102:15; Participle מְחוֺנֵן עֲנָיִ֯ים Proverbs 14:21.

Hoph`al Imperfect יֻחַן be shewn favour, consideration Isaiah 26:10; Proverbs 21:10.

Hithpa`el Perfect2masculine singular הִתְחַנַּנְתָּה 1 Kings 9:3 5t. Perfect; Imperfect וַיִּתְחַנֵּן 2 Kings 1:13; וַתִּתְחַנֶּןֿ Esther 8:3; אֶתְחַנָּ֑ן Psalm 30:9 #NAME?t. Imperfect; Infinitive לְהִתְחֶנֶּןֿ Esther 4:8; בְּהִתְחַנְנוֺ Genesis 42:21seek or implore favour:

1 of man, with אֶל Genesis 42:21 (E) 2 Kings 1:13; with לְ Job 19:16; Esther 4:8; Esther 8:3.

2 of God, with אֶלֿ Deuteronomy 3:23; 1 Kings 8:33,47 2Chronicles 6:37; Job 8:5; Psalm 30:9; Psalm 142:2; with לְ Hosea 12:5; Job 9:15; with לפני 1 Kings 8:59; 1 Kings 9:3; 2Chronicles 6:24.

II. [חָנַן] be loathsome (compare Arabic x. foetorem emisit (puteus); Syriac rancid); — only וְחַנֹּתִ֫י לִבְנֵי בִטְנִי Job 19:17 and I am loath-some to the sons of my womb ("" זָרָה see II. זור), so RVm Ew De Di and others (On the tone see De.)

[חֲנַן] verb shew favour (see Biblical Hebrew); —

Pa`el Infinitive with aff. person מִחַן (K§ K:46, 3 a) Daniel 4:24 (compare Biblical Hebrew

Po`. Proverbs 14:21).

Hithpa. implore favour (of God; so Biblical Hebrew Hithpa`el), Participle מִתְחַנֵּן Daniel 6:12.

beseech, fair, be, find, show favorable, be deal, give, grant graciously,

A primitive root (compare chanah); properly, to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (i.e. Move to favor by petition) -- beseech, X fair, (be, find, shew) favour(-able), be (deal, give, grant (gracious(-ly), intreat, (be) merciful, have (shew) mercy (on, upon), have pity upon, pray, make supplication, X very.

see HEBREW chanah

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