chaser: to lack, need, be lacking, decreaseOriginal Word: חָסֵרPart of Speech:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. rootDefinition
to lack, need, be lacking, decreaseNASB Translation
become empty (1), decreased (2), depriving (1), empty (1), have...lack (1), lack (2), lacked (2), lacking (4), lacks (2), made him a lower (1), need (1), scarce (1), want (3), withhold (1).
Brown-Driver-Briggs חָסֵר verb lack, need, be lacking, decrease
(see LagBN 143
; Late Hebrew חִסֵּר cause to lack
or fail, diminish
(active), and derivatives; Aramaic חֲסַר
, want, lack
, and derivatives, compare Phoenician מחסר
, see מחסור
below; Arabic remove, strip off; disappear, retire
(of water), fail
(of sight), etc.; perhaps also Ethiopic be inferior, worthless, diminished
Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳ח 1 Kings 17:16; 2masculine singular חָסַרְתָּ Deuteronomy 2:7; 3plural חָסֵ֑רוּ Nehemiah 9:21; 1plural חָסַרְנוּ Jeremiah 44:18; Imperfect יֶחְסַר Deuteronomy 15:8 2t.; יֶחְסָ֑ר Proverbs 31:11; Ecclesiastes 9:8; 3feminine singular תֶּחְסָ֑ר 1 Kings 17:14; Proverbs 13:25; 2masculine singular תֶּחְסַר Deuteronomy 8:9; 1singular תֶּחְסָ֑ר Psalm 23:1; plural יַחְסְרוּ Psalm 34:11; Ezekiel 4:17; וַיַּחְסְרוּ Genesis 8:3; יַחְסְרוּן Genesis 18:28; Infinitive construct חֲסַר Proverbs 10:21 Ew§ 238 a, compare Ges§ 45. 1 a; absolute חָסוֺר Genesis 8:5; Participle חָסֵר 1 Kings 11:22; Ecclesiastes 10:3 (see חָסֵר below); — 1 lack:
a. with accusative Genesis 18:28 (J) perchance the fifty righteous lack five, Deuteronomy 2:7 thou hast not lacked anything, Deuteronomy 8:9; Jeremiah 44:18; 1 Kings 11:22; Ezekiel 4:17; Psalm 34:11; Proverbs 31:11, compare also בַּחֲסַרלֵֿב Proverbs 10:21 by lacking intelligence (sense), (Di puts here Deuteronomy 15:8, see below)
b. absolute be in want, want Psalm 23:1; Proverbs 13:25; Nehemiah 9:21.
2 be lacking, לוֺ ׳מַחְסֹרוֺ אֲשֶׁר יֶח Deuteronomy 15:8 his lack (i.e. thing needed), which is lacking to him (possible also is, which he lacks for himself, so Di, see above); שֶׁמֶן ׳עַלרֹֿאְשְׁךָ אַליֶֿח Ecclesiastes 9:8 oil on thy head let it not be lacking; see also absolute Isaiah 51:14; Songs 7:3, and לִבּוֺ חָסֵר Ecclesiastes 10:3 his sense is lacking; of jar of oil 1 Kings 17:14,16 (absolute) by meton. for the oil itself (compare "" כלה be consumed, exhausted).
3 diminish, decrease, of waters Genesis 8:3 (P), compare הָלוֺךְ וְחָסוֺר Genesis 8:5 (P), waters continually diminished (see הלך above).
Pi`el cause to lack, with accusative of person, Imperfect2masculine singular suffix וַתְּחַסְּרֵהוּ מעט מֵאֱלהים Psalm 8:6 and thou didst make him lack little of God; Participle וּמְחַסֵּר אתנֿפשׁי מִטּוֺבָה Ecclesiastes 4:8 for whom am I labouring and depriving myself of good things?
Hiph`il Perfect הֶחֱסִיר Exodus 16:18; Imperfect יַחְסִיר Isaiah 32:6; — cause to be lacking, fail, with accusative of thing ׳מַשְׁקֵה צָמֵא יַח Isaiah 32:6; the drink of the thirsty he causeth to fail ("" לְהָרִיק נפשׁ רָעֵב); absolute Exodus 16:18 (P), he that gathered little caused no lack.
be abated, bereave, decrease, cause to fail, have lack, make lower, want
A primitive root; to lack; by implication, to fail, want, lessen -- be abated, bereave, decrease, (cause to) fail, (have) lack, make lower, want.