ayin: nothing, noughtOriginal Word: אַ֫יִןPart of Speech:
substantive; particle of negationTransliteration:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. rootDefinition
nothing, noughtNASB Translation
almost (1), bereft* (1), beyond (5), beyond* (1), cease (2), countless* (2), else* (1), endless* (1), fails (1), found (1), gone (6), had (2), had no (11), had no one (2), has (2), has he no (1), has no (23), has none (1), has nothing (1), have (5), have i no (1), have no (24), have none (2), have nothing (2), having a nor (1), having no (2), helpless* (1), incurable* (1), infinite* (1), infrequent* (1), innumerable* (1), inscrutable* (1), lack (4), lacks (1), leaves no (1), neither (2), neither* (1), neither...nor (2), never (2), no (43), no account (1), no longer (3), no more (16), no one (101), no* (1), no...have (1), none (18), none other (1), none* (1), nor (12), nor are there (2), nor is there (3), nor is there one (1), nor was there (2), nor have (1), nor* (1), nothing (19), nothing* (10), one (3), one should never (1), or (1), powerless* (1), senseless* (1), surely* (1), there (15), there are no (2), there be no (2), there is not one (1), there is no (108), there is no one (31), there is no...nor (2), there is none (22), there is nothing (11), there was not (1), there was not one (1), there was no (38), there was no one (15), there was none (5), there was nothing (2), there were no (3), there will be neither (1), there will be no (9), there will be no one (3), there will be none (5), there will be nothing (1), there no (6), there none (1), there one (1), undesirable* (2), unfathomable* (1), unless (1), unsearchable* (3), waterless* (1), without (46), without and having no (1), without* (4).
II. אַ֫יִן nought
אִיעֶזֶר see אֲבִיעֶזֶר.
אִיתָמָר see I. אָוָה.
II. אַ֫יִן, אָ֑֫יִן construct אֵין
substantive properly nothing, nought (Moabite אן, Assyrian iânu).
1 Isaiah 40:23 הַנּוֺתֵן רוֺזְנִים לְאָ֑יִן who bringeth princes to nothing; כְּאַיִן as nothing, ib. Isaiah 40:17; Isaiah 41:11,12; Haggai 2:3; Psalm 39:6; almost ("" כִּמְעַט) Psalm 73:2; מֵאַיִן of nothing Isaiah 41:24.
2 construct אֵין, very frequently as
particle of negations, is not, are not, was not, were not, etc. (corresponding to the affirmative יֵשׁ q. v. Similar in usage, though not etymology akin, are , לַיִת, , , properly 'there is nought of ...' followed by a substantive or a pronominal suffix (אֵינֶנִּי [verbal form, Ges§ 100, 5; 152, 1 c], אֵינְךָ, אֵינֵךְ, אֵינֶנּוּ, אֵינֶנָּה, אֵינְכֶם, אֵינָם, also Psalm 59:14 אֵינֵ֫מוֺ, Psalm 73:5 אֵינֵ֫ימוֺ): twice abnormally, in late Hebrew, a noun אֵין אֲנִי, אֵין אֲנַחְנוּ Nehemiah 4:17 (so sometimes לַיִת, , NöM. p. 295); once, incorrectly, את Haggai 2:17.
a. denying existence absolutely Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 47:10 אֵין רֹאָנִי there is none that seeth me, literally nought of one seeing me! אֵין עוֺד there is none else Deuteronomy 4:39; 1 Kings 8:60; Isaiah 45:5,6,18,22.
b. more commonly, in a limited sense, there is none here or at hand Exodus 2:12 and he saw כִּיאֵֿין אִישׁ that there was no man (that is, there), Numbers 21:5; Genesis 5:24 וְאֵינֶנּוּ and he was not (of Enoch's disappearance from earth) Genesis 42:13 one (cas. pend. as often), he is not, Genesis 42:36; often = is (or has) vanished Genesis 37:30; 1 Kings 20:40; Isaiah 17:14; Psalm 37:10; Psalm 103:16; Job 8:22; Job 24:24; Job 27:19.
c. with the sense determined by a predicate following: Genesis 37:29 Joseph was not in the pit, Genesis 41:39 + often; Exodus 5:10 אֵינֶנִּי נֹתֵן לָכֶם תֶּבֶן I am not giving you straw; and so often with particip. where duration has to be expressed Genesis 39:23; Deuteronomy 21:18; Isaiah 1:15; Jeremiah 7:16, or intention Genesis 20:7 אֵינְךָ מֵשִׁיב דַּע ֗֗֗ אִם if thou art not restoring her, know Genesis 43:5; Exodus 8:17; Exodus 33:15 (idiomatically, after אם; see Dr§ 137) Judges 12:3. Following once pleonastic by יֵשׁ Psalm 135:17. Treated as a mere particle of negation, אֵין may vary its position in the sentence, the substantive which should strictly stand in the Genitive being not only separated from it by a little word, as בּוֺ Genesis 37:24, לוֺ Exodus 22:1, שָׁם Exodus 12:30, גַּם Psalm 14:3, etc., but even for emphasis prefixed to it, as Genesis 19:31; Genesis 40:8 וּפֹתֵר אֵין אֹתוֺ Genesis 41:15; Exodus 5:16; Judges 13:9; Judges 14:6; Judges 16:15; Judges 19:1 (so MI24): if however it be thus brought to the end of a sentence, or be disconnected with what follows, it stands in the absolute form, as Genesis 2:5 ואדם אַיִן לעבד האדמה and man there was none to till the ground, Leviticus 26:37 וְרֹדֵף אָ֑יִן Numbers 20:5; 2 Kings 19:3; Hosea 13:4; Micah 7:2.
d. sometimes the subject has to be supplied from the context: thus (α) 1 Samuel 9:4 and they passed through the land of Shaalim וָאַיִן and they (the asses) were not (literally and nought!), especially after verbs of waiting or seeking Isaiah 59:11; Psalm 69:21; Job 3:9; Isaiah 41:17. Ezekiel 7:25; Proverbs 14:6; Proverbs 13:4; Proverbs 20:4. (β) Exodus 17:7 is ׳י in the midst of us אִםאָֽֿיִן ׃ or not ? Numbers 13:20. (γ) Judges 4:20 וְאָמַרְתְּ אָֽיִן׃ then thou shalt say, There is not, 1 Kings 18:10; 1 Samuel 10:14. (δ) Genesis 30:1 give me children, וְאִםאַֿיִן and if not, I die, Exodus 32:32; Judges 9:15,20; 2 Samuel 17:6 (see Dr) 2 Kings 2:10; Job 33:33.
e. with subject not expressed, once (late), Daniel 8:5 וְאֵין נֹגֵעַ בָּאָרֶץ and (it) was not touching the earth. feminine once, Job 35:15 with the finite verb; but read here כִּי אֵין מֹּקֵד (the usage of , cited by De, does not justify the anomaly in Hebrew) Jeremiah 38:5 the imperfect may be due to the fact that no participle of יָכֹל was in use, and a relation must be tacitly supplied: 'The king is not (one that) can do aught against you.' On Exodus 3:2 see Ges§ 52, 2 R. 6; Ew§ 169 d.
3 ׳אֵין לְ, with substantive, or pronoun, there is (was) not to . . . = . . . have, has, had, etc. not: Genesis 11:30 אֵין לָהּ וָלָד she had no child, Numbers 27:9 וְאִםאֵֿין לוֺ בַּת and if he have no daughter + often; with a participle Deuteronomy 22:27; Jeremiah 14:16; Jeremiah 30:17; Jeremiah 49:5; Jeremiah 50:32; Psalm 142:5; Lamentations 1:2,9,17; Exodus 22:2 אִםאֵֿין לוֺ if he have nought, Daniel 9:26 ואין לו and have nought (or none).
4 in circumstantial clauses (Dr§ 164): — (a) Exodus 21:11 she shall go out free אֵין כָּ֑סֶף without money, Exodus 22:9 אֵין רֹאֶה none seeing it, Numbers 11:6; Isaiah 47:1; Jeremiah 2:32; Hosea 3:4; Hosea 7:11; Psalm 32:9; Psalm 88:5 + . (b) Deuteronomy 32:4 a God of faithfulness וְאֵין עָוֶל and no iniquity, i.e. without iniquity, Jeremiah 5:21; Joel 1:6; Psalm 104:25. (c) very often, in such phrases as וְאֵין מַחֲרִיד with none to affright Leviticus 26:6 (12 t.); וְאֵין מְכַבֶּה Isaiah 1:31 and elsewhere; וְאֵין מַצִּיל Isaiah 5:29; Psalm 7:3, etc. (Dr§ 159).
5 with infinitive and ׳ל, it is not to . . . : i.e. (a) like οὐκ ἔστιν, it is not possible to . . . (compare below יֵשׁ and לֹא), but hardly except in late Hebrew; 2 Chronicles 20:6 וְאֵין עִמְּךָ לְהִתְיַצֵּב it is not possible to stand (in conflict) with thee, 2 Chronicles 22:9; Ezra 9:15; Ecclesiastes 3:14; Esther 4:2. Once without ל, Psalm 40:6 אֵין עֲרֹךְ אֵלָיךָ οὐκ ἔστι παραβάλλειν σοι. (β) there is no need to . . . 1 Chronicles 23:26 וְגַם לַלְוִיִּם אֵיןלָֿשֵׂאת for the Levites also there was no need to bear 2 Chronicles 5:11; 35:15 (see Dr§ 202. 1).
6 with prefixes : —
a. בְּאֵין properly in defect of: — (a) for want of, without — Proverbs 5:23 HE will die בְּאֵין מוּסָר for lack of instruction, Proverbs 11:14 בְּאֵין תַּחְבֻּלוֺת without guidance, Proverbs 14:4; Proverbs 15:22; Proverbs 26:20; Proverbs 29:18; Isaiah 57:1; Ezekiel 38:11; compare בְּלֹא. (β) of time = when there was (were) not Proverbs 8:24 (twice in verse).
b. כְּאֵין Isaiah 59:10 כְּאֵין עֵינַיִם in poetry for כַּאֲשֶׁר אֵין לוֺ עֵינַיִם (compare Ew§ 286 g Ges§ 152. 1 h).
c. לְאֵין (α) for לַאֲשֶׁר אֵין לוֺ Isaiah 40:29; inlate prose 2Chron 14:10; Nehemiah 8:10. (β) in the condition of not. . . (ל of state, see below ל) = without or so that not . . . (peculiar to Chronicles), 1 Chronicles 22:4 cedar trees לְאֵין מִסְמָּר without number, 2 Chron 14:12 and there fell of the Cushites לְאֵיןלָֿהֶם מִחְיָה so that they had none remaining alive, 2 Chronicles 20:25 לְאֵין מַשָּׂא so that there was no carrying away, 2 Chronicles 21:18; Ezra 9:14. (γ) עַדלְֿאֵין (see ׳עַד ל), 2 Chronicles 36:16 until there was no remedy (compare עַד אֵין ֗֗֗ Psalm 40:13; Job 5:9).
d. מֵאֵין (a) (מִן causal) from lack of . . . Isaiah 50:2; Jeremiah 7:32; Jeremiah 19:11. (β) (מִן negative, see מִן) properly away from there being no. . . (with אֵין pleonastic, compare מִבְּלִי, and מִבְּלִי אֵין), i.e. so that not. . ., without, mostly epexegetical of some term expressing desolation: Isaiah 5:9 Surely many houses shall be desolate מֵאֵין יוֺשֵׁב without inhabitant, Isaiah 6:11 #NAME? Jeremiah & Zephaniah; Isaiah 6:11 מֵאֵין אָדָם, Jeremiah 32:43 מֵאֵין אָדָם וּבְהֵמָה Jeremiah 33:10,12; Ezekiel 33:28; Lamentations 3:49. Once followed by infinitive Malachi 2:13 so that there is no regarding more. (γ) in Jeremiah 10:6,7 מֵאֵין כָּמוֺךָ, מֵאֵין is supposed by some to = a strengthened אֵין, even none, none at all; but it is difficult to justify this explanation logically; and it is preferable to point מֵאַיִן כָּמוֺךָ whence is any like thee? compare Jeremiah 30:7. (So Hi see DrHebraica. ii. 34-7.)
else, except, fail, fatherless, be gone, incurable, neither, never,
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle -- else, except, fail, (father-)less, be gone, in(-curable), neither, never, no (where), none, nor, (any, thing), not, nothing, to nought, past, un(-searchable), well-nigh, without. Compare 'aiyn.
see HEBREW 'aiyn