386. ethan
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ethan: perennial, ever-flowing, permanence
Original Word: אֵיתָן
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: ethan
Phonetic Spelling: (ay-thawn')
Short Definition: enduring

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from an unused word
perennial, ever-flowing, permanence
NASB Translation
enduring (3), ever-flowing (2), firm (1), hard (1), normal state (1), perennially (2), running water (1), secure ones (1), unceasing (1).

I. אֵיתָן, אֵתָן adjective perennial, ever-flowing, figurative permanent, as substantive steady flow, permanence; — absolute אֵיתָן Genesis 49:24 8t.; אֵתָן Job 33:19; suffix אֵיתָנוֺ Exodus 14:27; plural אֵיתָנִים Job 12:19; אֵתָנִים 1 Kings 8:2; Micah 6:2; (in form, an 'elative,' Ew§ 162 b = Arabic comparative and superlative); —

1 ever-flowing (opposed to אַכְזָב), נַחַל אֵיתָן Amos 5:24 an ever-flowing wady, Deuteronomy 21:4 (see Dr); as substantive in נַהֲרוֺת אֵיתָּן Psalm 74:15 rivers of steady flow; as substantive also Exodus 14:27 (J), the sea returned לְאֵיתָנוֺ to its steady flow, יֶרַת הָאֵיתָנִים 1 Kings 8:2 month of steady flowings = 7th mo., Oct.-;Nov. (post-Biblical Tisri).

2 figurative permanent, enduring גּוֺי אֵיתָן הוּא Jeremiah 5:15, i.e. a nation whose numbers never dwindle or fail, imperishable, ׳וְרִיב עֲצָמָיו א Job 33:19 Kt the strife of his bones is constant, Genesis 49:24 his bow abode ׳בְּא as an enduring, firm, one, מוֺשָֽׁבְךָ ׳א Numbers 24:21 ("" שִׂים בַּסֶּלַע), נְוֵה אֵיתָן Jeremiah 49:19 = Jeremiah 50:44 an abode of permanency (of Edom, and Babylon, suddenly depopulated by foe, figured as lion); האיתנים מוסדי ארץ Micah 6:2 ye ever-enduring ones, the foundations of the earth (but read probably with We הַאֲזִינוּ), Job 12:19 אֵיתָנִים יְסַלֵּף he subverteth them that are firmly seated (i.e. men established in hereditary offices or dignities). Very uncertain is Proverbs 13:15 דֶּרֶךְ בִּגְדִים אֵיתָן, perhaps firm, hard, rugged (Ew De Hi Now according to Str. the text is corrupt).

hard, mighty, rough, strength, strong

Or (shortened) ethan {ay-thawn'}; from an unused root (meaning to continue); permanence; hence (concrete) permanent; specifically a chieftain -- hard, mighty, rough, strength, strong.

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