5329. natsach
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natsach: preeminent or enduring
Original Word: נָצַח
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: natsach
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-tsakh')
Short Definition: oversee

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
preeminent or enduring
NASB Translation
choir director (1), continual (1), lead (1), oversee (3), supervise (2), supervised (1), supervisors (1).

I. [נָצַח] verb be pre-eminent, enduring (Ecclus [Pi`el] make brilliant Ecclesiasticus 43:5; Ecclesiasticus 43:13 [?] (compare Oxford ed.xxxiii); Late Hebrew נָצַח conquer, etc.; Phoenician נצח, Aramaic נְצַח, shine, be illustrious, pre-eminent, victorious; Arabic be pure, reliable; Ethiopic be pure, innocent; both classes of meaning probably derived form shine, be bright, brilliant, see also Dr1Samuel 15:29); —

Niph`al Participle active feminine נִצַּ֫חַת Jeremiah 8:5 enduring (מְשֻׁבָה apostasy).

Piel = act as overseer, superintendent, director, only Chronicles and Psalm-titles; — Infinitive לְנַצֵּחַ 1 Chronicles 15:21 4t.; participle לַמְנַצֵּחַ Habakkuk 3:19; Psalm 4:1 54t. Psalms; plural מְנַצְּחִים2Chron 2:1; 2 Chronicles 2:17; 2 Chronicles 34:13; —

1 in building temple 2 Chron 2:1; 2 Chronicles 2:17; Ezra 3:8,9, compare 2Chronicles 34:12,13.

2 in ministry of house of ׳י 1 Chronicles 23:4.

3 in liturgical service of song, עלהֿשׁמינית, over the bass voices, leading them with כִּנֹּרוֺת 1 Chronicles 15:21; לַמְנַצֵּחַ in titles Psalms has probably simile meaning, = musical director or choirmaster; Greek Vrss. of 2nd cent. A.D., Aq Theod Sym, and so Jerome, think of Aramaic victorious, but no clear explanation; ᵐ5 εἰς τὸ τέλος (probably לַמִּנְצָח) follows ordinary meaning of noun נֵצַח, which may be explained in eschatological sense as referring to end of age of world after Euseb Theod; or for full rendering after De; neither satisfactory. Chronicles, near in date, gives the clue which is intrinsically probably: לְ indicates, not assignment (nothing special in these Psalms to suggest it, and assignment of Psalms for such use a matter of course), but that these Psalms were taken by final editor from an older major Psalter known as the Director's Collection, compare the still earlier collections known as (ל)דוד, (ל)אסף, (ל)בני קרח. The 55 Psalms with למנצח were taken 39 from Davidic, 9 from Korahite, and 5 from Asaphic Psalters; only 2anonymous. Habakkuk 3 originally belonged to Director's Psalter. This and other Director's Psalms have musical directions in titles. The Director's Psalter was probably the prayer-book of synagogue of Greek period, presupposed by our Hab., the collection of the twelve Minor Prophets, the prophetic canon, and Daniel (see BrGen. Intr. 123).

[נְצַח] verb Hithpa. distinguish oneself (see Biblical Hebrew I. נצח); — Participle מִתְנַצַּח Daniel 6:4, עַל person

excel, chief musician singer, overseer, set forward

A primitive root; properly, to glitter from afar, i.e. To be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from netsach), to be permanent -- excel, chief musician (singer), oversee(-r), set forward.

see HEBREW netsach

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