7622. shebuth or shebith
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shebuth or shebith: captivity, captives
Original Word: שְׁבוּת
Part of Speech: Noun Feminine
Transliteration: shebuth or shebith
Phonetic Spelling: (sheb-ooth')
Short Definition: fortunes

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from shabah
captivity, captives
NASB Translation
captive (3), captivity (9), fortune (1), fortunes (18), own captivity (1).

שְׁבִית,שְׁבוּת noun feminine id. (√ שׁבה ᵐ5 Thes SS Preusschen: ZAWxv (1895),1 ff. KraeEz 10:53; > √ שׁוב EwJBW V(1852-3),216 F., §165B Ol§ 412,417§ 464 KueTtijdschr.vii.519 ff. OortIb.xiv. 157 SchwZAWviii(1888),200 and others; Köii.1. 166 f.474;ii.2,§329 i thinks derivatives of שׁבה and שׁוב are confused, compare Ew§ 166b); — absolute שְׁבִית Numbers 21:29; construct שְׁבוּת Hosea 6:11 +, sf שְׁבוּתְךָ Deuteronomy 30:3 שְׁבִיתְהֶן Ezekiel 16:53a (see below), שְׁבוּתֵיכֶם Zephaniah 3:20 (read ת־ְכֶם Now GASm), etc. [ᵑ0 has שְׁבוּת, etc. 16 t., +Kt (שְׁבִית Qr) Zephaniah 2:7; Psalm 85:2; Psalm 126:4+ Ezekiel 16:53a (Gi, but Baer שְׁבִיתְהֶן Kt and Qr, see his note), +Qr (Kt שׁבית) Jeremiah 29:14; Jeremiah 49:39; Ezekiel 16:53b,c + v:d (but < read וְשַׁבְתִּ֫י for וּשְׁב֯יו Vrss Comm.), Lamentations 2:14; Job 42:10; שְׁבִית Kt and Qr Numbers 21:29, שְׁבִיתַתִךְ Ezekiel 16:53 (but Co Krae שְׁבוּתֵךְ); שְׁכִית probably earlier Ew§ 186b and elsewhere Psalm 126:1 read probably שְׁבִית for שִׁיבַת; —

1 in clause נָתַן בַּשְּׁבִית Numbers 21:29 (JE) give his daughters into captivity (or as captives, "" מְּלֵיטִם of sons, compare Jeremiah 48:46; compare (perhaps) Lamentations 1:7 (see [ מִשְׁבָּת] below שׁבת).

2 in phrase restore the captivity of, accusative after שׁוּב, הֵשִׁיב, ׳י subject [verb

Qal Deuteronomy 30:3+ 15 t.,+Ezekiel 16:53d Psalm 126:1 (see below);

Hiph`il Jeremiah 32:41+ 5t., + Qal Kt,

Hiph`il Qr, Jeremiah 33:26 2t.]: ,

a. of Israel (or Judah) Hosea 6:(ᵐ5. joins to Hosea 7:1, so, as gloss, We Now), Zephaniah 2:7; Zephaniah 3:20; Deuteronomy 30:3; Jeremiah 29:14; Jeremiah 30:3,18 (אָהֳלֵי יַעֲקֹב ׳שׁ), Jeremiah 31:23; Jeremiah 32:44; Jeremiah 33:7 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 33:11 (הָאָרֶץ ׳שׁ), Jeremiah 33:26; Lamentations 2:14 (subject prophet), Ezekiel 16:53a,c,d (on text see above), Ezekiel 39:25; Amos 9:14; Joel 4:1; Psalm 14:7 = Psalm 53:7; Psalm 85:2; Psalm 126:1 (see above), Psalm 53:4.

b. of other nations Jeremiah 48:47 (compare Jeremiah 48:46), Jeremiah 49:6,39; Ezekiel 29:14 (compare Ezekiel 29:13).

c. apparently in more Gen, sense,restore fortunes of Sodom Ezekiel 16:53 (Krae, compare following).

d. restore fortunes of individuals, Job 42:10.


Or shbiyth {sheb-eeth'}; from shabah; exile, concretely, prisoners; figuratively, a former state of prosperity -- captive(-ity).

see HEBREW shabah

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