7723. shav
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shav: emptiness, vanity
Original Word: שָׁוְא
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: shav
Phonetic Spelling: (shawv)
Short Definition: vain

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from an unused word
emptiness, vanity
NASB Translation
deceit (2), deceitful (1), deception (1), emptiness (2), empty (1), false (9), false visions (4), falsehood (7), lies (1), vain (18), vanity (3), worthless (4).

שָׁוְא noun [masculine] emptiness, vanity; — ׳שׁ absolute Exodus 23:1 51t., שָׁו Job 15:31 (Kt); —

1 emptiness, nothingness, vanity: תְּשׁוּעַת אָרָם ׳שׁ Psalm 60:13 vain (is) man's deliverance, = Psalm 108:13; לָכֶם ׳שׁ Psalm 127:2 it is vain (useless) for you; Psalm 89:48 for (עַל) what nothingness hast thou created man ? compare ׳יַרְחֵי שׁ Job 7:3; ׳הַבְלֵי שׁ Psalm 31:7 (idols) = Jonah 2:9, compare Jeremiah 18:15 + Hosea 5:11 ᵐ5 (for צָו); ׳מִנְחַת שׁ Isaiah 1:13 of ineffective offering to ׳י; ׳נשׂא לַשּׁ (לֹא) Exodus 20:7 (twice in verse) take up name of God in vain (to no good purpose) = Deuteronomy 5:11 (twice in verse), compare Psalm 24:4; Psalm 139:20 [ᵑ0 lifted up in vain are thy foes, but read שְׁמֶ֑ךָ for עָרֶיךָ, compare נשׂא 1b (

7); al. עָלֶיךָ, see II. עָר]; ׳היה שׁ Hosea 12:12 become nothing (We ׳עשׂה שׁ, and so

3); ׳ראה שׁ Psalm 119:37; adverb ׳לַשּׁ in vain Jeremiah 2:30; Jeremiah 4:30; Jeremiah 6:29; Jeremiah 46:11; ׳שׁ Psalm 127:1 (twice in verse); Malachi 3:14.

2 emptiness of speech, "" lying, ׳שׁ וּדְבַר כָּזָב Proverbs 30:8; ׳דבּר שׁ Psalm 12:3; Psalm 41:7; Psalm 144:8; Psalm 144:11; Isaiah 59:4; Ezekiel 13:8; ׳אָלוֺת שׁ Hosea 10:4 + Hosea 12:2 ᵐ5 We and others (for שֹׁד); ׳הָלַךְ עִםשֿׁ Job 31:5 ("" מִרְמָה); ׳עֵד שׁ Deuteronomy 5:17 (= עֵד שָֽׁקֶר Exodus 20:16); compare ׳שֵׁמַע שׁ Exodus 23:1 (E); of false (empty) prophecy ׳חֲזוֺן שׁ Ezekiel 12:24, ׳חָזוּ שׁ Lamentations 2:14; see also Ezekiel 13:6,7,9,23; Ezekiel 21:34; Ezekiel 22:28; Job 35:13 (or empty complaining, below 1); ׳קסם שׁ Ezekiel 21:28; חֲלֹמוֺת ׳הַשּׁ Zechariah 10:2.

3 of conduct, worthlessness (Buhl below

1, 2); ׳מְרתי שׁ worthless men Psalm 26:4; Job 11:11; worthless motives (in figurative) ׳חַבְלֵי הַשּׁ Isaiah 5:18; ׳נָפַת שׁ Isaiah 30:28 (i.e. sifting out the worthless; al. sieve of (bringing) disappointment); play on meanings in Job 15:31 (twice in verse), compare DrJob, Psalt. 464.

II. שׁוא (√ of following; probably "" form of שׁאה).

falsely, lie, lying, vain, vanity

Or shav {shav}; from the same as show' in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain) -- false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.

see HEBREW show'

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