7919. sakal
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sakal: consider
Original Word: שָׂכַל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: sakal
Phonetic Spelling: (saw-kal')
Short Definition: consider

I. שָׂכַל verb be prudent (Gerber47denominative from שֶׂכֶל, but verb early; Late Hebrew סָכַל, Hithpa`el shew oneself attentive (to), look; Aramaic סְכַל (rare) understand, Ithpa`al look (at), consider, Aph`el instruct; שְׂכַל only Aph`el (for Hebrew הִשְׂכִּיל), understand, make wise; Pa`el teach, Ethpa`al understand, etc.; Samaritan Ithpa`al look (for Hebrew הִבִּיט); Assyrian šiklu, clever, šklûtu, cleverness, MeissnSuppl.93); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׂ 1 Samuel 18:30 be prudent, circumspect (SS HPS); Kit Buhl Gerber and others prosper.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הִשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 23:5; 1 Chronicles 28:19; 1singular הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי Psalm 119:99; 3masculine plural הִשְׂכִּילוּ Job 34:27 +; Imperfect יַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:5 +; 2 masculine singular jussive תַּשְׂכַּל Daniel 9:25, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הַשְׂכִּילוּ Psalm 2:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׂכֵּל Jeremiah 9:23 +; הַשְׂכֵּיל (Ges § 53 k) Jeremiah 3:15; Job 34:35; construct הַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:14 +, feminine מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14; plural מַשְׂכִּילִים Daniel 11:35 +, etc.; meanings hard to classify: scholars differ greatly; —

1 look at: נְחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 (J) was desirable to look upon (so ᵐ5 Ges De; AV, RV to make one wise; Ew Di Buhl SS Dr and others below 3).

2 give attention to, consider, ponder: Isaiah 41:20; Isaiah 44:18; Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalm 64:10; Psalm 106:7; Job 34:27; with לְ Proverbs 21:12; with אֶל Psalm 41:2; Nehemiah 8:13; with עַל Proverbs 16:20; with ב Psalm 101:2; Daniel 9:13.

3 have insight, comprehension: Jeremiah 9:23 ("" ׳יָדַע י), Psalm 94:8 ("" בִּין), Psalm 119:99, Daniel 1:4; Daniel 9:25 ("" יָדַע); הַשְׂכֵּ(י)ל assubstantive = insight, understanding: as ׳יs gift to ruler and teacher, "" דֵּעָה Jeremiah 3:15; "" דַּ֫עַת Job 34:35; "" מַדָּע Daniel 1:17; מוּסַר ׳הַשׂ Proverbs 1:3; ׳דֶּרֶךְ הַשׂ Proverbs 21:16.

4 cause to consider, give insight, teach: ׳י subject, accusative of thing, 1 Chronicles 28:19, accusative of person Psalm 32:8; Nehemiah 9:20; Gabriel subject, 2accusative Daniel 9:22; לֵב חָכָם subject, accusative of thing Proverbs 16:23; with לְ, Proverbs 21:11; ׳הַמַּשְׂכִּילִים שֵׂכֶל טוֺב לי2Chronicles 30:22 (but Be Ke Benz etc. who shewed good skill, that is, in music, 2 Chronicles 30:21b); (הַ)מַוְכִּילִים Daniel 11:33,35; Daniel 12:3,10 the teachers (so Ew Hi Bev; Thes Ke Behrm and others the wise).

5 act circumspectly, prudently: absolute Amos 5:13; Psalm 2:10; Psalm 36:4; מַשְׂכִּיל as substantive Psalm 14:2 = Psalm 53:3, Proverbs 10:5,19; Proverbs 14:35; Proverbs 15:24; Proverbs 17:2; Job 22:2; אִשָּׁה מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14. — Jeremiah 50:9 has גִּבּוֺר מַשְׁכִּיל according to Masora (van d. H. Baer Gi), compare ᵑ9, i.e. a child-slaying warrior; but ׳שׁ

Hiph`il elsewhere only Hosea 9:14, of miscarriage; ᵐ5 ᵑ6 Ew and most modern (Gf Gie Rothst) read מַשְׂכִּיל, either skilful or fortunate.

6 prosper, have success (compare Dr 1 Samuel 18:5): absolute 1 Samuel 18:15; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Jeremiah 20:11; Jeremiah 23:5; Joshua 1:8 (D); with ב, Joshua 1:7 (D) 1 Samuel 18:5,14 (read בְּכָלֿ for לְכָלֿ Vrss Th HPS and others), compare 2 Kings 18:7; with אֶל, Proverbs 17:8.

7 cause to prosper: Deuteronomy 29:8; 1 Kings 2:3(D).

II. [שָׂכַל] verb Pi`el lay crosswise (so, and not √ I. ׳שׂ, ᵐ5 ᵑ6 ᵑ9 ᵑ7Jon and modern, compare Arabic bind legs of beast, plait locks of hair); — Perfect3masculine singular שִׂכֵּל אֶתיָֿדָיו Genesis 48:14 (J); Thes Dr, however, prudentes fecit, from √ I. ׳שׂ.

consider, expert, instruct, prosper, deal prudently, give skillful, have good success, teach,

A primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent -- consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(- ly), guide wittingly.

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