817. asham
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asham: offense, guilt
Original Word: אָשָׁם
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: asham
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-shawm')
Short Definition: offering

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from asham
offense, guilt
NASB Translation
guilt (2), guilt offering (38), guilt offerings (1), guilty deeds (1), sin (1), wrong (3).

אָשָׁם noun masculine offence, guilt׳א Genesis 26:10 37t., suffix אֲשָׁמוֺ Numbers 5:7 7t.; —

1 offence, trespass, fault Psalm 68:22 (guiltiness RV).

2 guilt Genesis 26:10 (J) Proverbs 14:9; Jeremiah 51:5.

3 compensation, לְהָשִׁיב הָאָשָׁם אֵלָיו to whom to return the compensation (or satisfaction for injury) Numbers 5:7,8 (P; restitution for guilt RV).

4 trespass-offering (AV, but guilt-offering RV) used only in Leviticus 5; Leviticus 6:10; Leviticus 7:1; Leviticus 14:1; Leviticus 19:21,22; Numbers 5:1; Numbers 6:12; Numbers 18:9 (P), & Ezekiel 40:39; Ezekiel 42:13; Ezekiel 44:29; Ezekiel 46:20, compare Ezra 10:19. This offering seems to have been confined to offences against God or man that could be estimated and so covered by compensation. The ordinary trespass-offering was a ram, together with restitution and a penalty of a fifth of its value. The trespass-offerings of the leper and Nazirite were he-lambs Leviticus 14 Numbers 6:12; if the person who suffered wrong or his kinsmen were not living the fine went to the priests. The victims were offered, the blood and fat pieces going to the altar, the skin and flesh to the priests. There seems to have been no application of the blood to the horns of the altar (the chief ceremony of the sin-offering) because the guilt was not expiated at the altar but by compensation to the wronged person or his representative. A part of the blood of the leper's trespass-offering was applied to his person to consecrate him (as in the case of the ram of consecration to consecrate the priests Leviticus 8:23). The trespass-offering is unknown to J E D and the older Hebrew literature. However, the Philistines send an אשׁם of golden mice and tumours 1 Samuel 6:3,4,8,17, and an אשׁם of money was given to the priests 2 Kings 12:17, but these are entirely different from the trespass-offering of P. The Messianic servant offers himself as an אשׁם in compensation for the sins of the people, interposing for them as their substitute Isaiah 53:10 (incorrectly, sin-offering AV RV). See further OehlerOT Theol. § 137 Di Leviticus 5:14.

guiltiness, offering for sin, trespass offering

From 'asham; guilt; by implication, a fault; also a sin-offering -- guiltiness, (offering for) sin, trespass (offering).

see HEBREW 'asham

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