8213. shaphel
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shaphel: to be or become low, to be abased
Original Word: שָׁפֵל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shaphel
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-fale')
Short Definition: abased

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
to be or become low, to be abased
NASB Translation
abase (4), abased (6), been abased (1), bring him low (1), bring down (1), brings down (1), brings low (1), brought low (1), cast down (1), go down (1), humbles (1), laid low (1), lay low (2), lays it low (2), lowly (1), made low (1), make him low (1), placed lower (1), puts down (1).

שָׁפֵל verb be or become low, be abased (Late Hebrew, derived species; Assyrian šapâlu, derived species and derivatives; Sabean ספל noun humility or lowland DHMxxix (1875), 604; Arabic , , be low (LagBN 48); Aramaic שְׁפַל, (derived species)); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁ Isaiah 2:11; 2feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ Isaiah 29:4, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיִּשְׁמַּל Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15; 3feminine plural תִּשְׁמַּלְנָה Isaiah 5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַל Ecclesiastes 12:4; Proverbs 16:19, see below; —

1 all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isaiah 10:33 ("" גְּדֻעִים), mountains Isaiah 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא Isaiah 2:12 (but read, for ׳שׁ, נִשְׂגָּב [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ [Lag], so Du CheHpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15, his loftiness Isaiah 2:17, haughty eyes Isaiah 2:11 (all "" שָׁחַח), Isaiah 5:15; of city Isaiah 32:19; as helping verb (= adverb) מֵאֶרֶץ ׳וְשׁ תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי Isaiah 29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges§ 120g; "" מֵעָפָר תִּשַׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ).

2 שְׁפַלרֿוּחַ Proverbs 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל.

3 of sound Ecclesiastes 12:4.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הִשְׁמִּיל Isaiah 25:12, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יַשְׁמִּיל Psalm 75:8, suffix יַשְׁמִּילֶנָּה יַשְׁמִּילָהּ Isaiah 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) הַשְׁמִּילֵ (הוּׅ Job 40:11; Jeremiah 13:18; Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁמִּילְךָ Proverbs 25:7 (Ezek 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁמֵּיל, "" הַגְבֵּהַּ, so Co Krae Ges§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁמִּיל 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 147:6; מַשְׁמִּילִי (Ges§ 90l) Psalm 113:6; —

1 usually figurative, ׳י subject, lay low, tree Ezekiel 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי); city Isaiah 26:5 ("" הֵשַׁח); fortress Isaiah 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח; Du thinks doublet of Isaiah 26:5); humiliate pride Isaiah 26:11; Isaiah 13:11, compare Job 40:11; object עֵינַיִם רָמוֺת Psalm 18:28, so read also "" 2 Samuel 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם׳מַשׁ׳י 1 Samuel 2:7, רְשָׁעִים Psalm 147:6; וְזֶה יָרִים ׳זֶה יַשׁ Psalm 75:8, compare Ezekiel 21:31.

2 hum. subject set one in a lower place Proverbs 25:7; subject hum. pride Proverbs 29:23; declar. Isaiah 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל.

3 as helping verb: + verb coordinate, שֵׁ֑בוּ ׳הַשׁ Jeremiah 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges§ 120g); + infinitive לִרְאוֺת ׳מַשׁ Psalm 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. ׳י; "" הַמַּגְבִּיתִי לָשָׁ֑בֶת Psalm 113:5; Ges§ 114m). — הִשְׁמִּילוּ וַתּאֹמֶר גֵּוָה֑ Job 22:29 is dubious; "" יוֺשִׁעַ favours אֱלוֺהַּ as subject, which Bu conjecture For ׳וַתּאֹ, read then הִשְׁמִּיל, ׳א hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (׳הִשׁ intransitive; AV, compare LagBN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).

[שְׁפֵל] verb be low (see Biblical Hebrew); —

Haph`el bring low, humble: Perfect2masculine singular הַשְׁמֵּלְתְּ לִבְבָח Daniel 5:22 thou hast not humbled thine heart; Imperfect3masculine singular יְהַשְׁמִּ֑ל Daniel 7:24, Infinitive לְהַשְׁמָּלָה Daniel 4:34, Participle מַשְׁמִּ֑ל Daniel 5:19, all with accusative of person bring low, put down.

abase, bring cast, put down, debase, humble self, be bring, lay, make,

A primitive root; to depress or sink (expec. Figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive) -- abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).

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