] verb be divided, separate
(Arabic change, substitute
, Mishna בָּדַל divide
Ithpe`el, Ethpe`el) —
Hiph`il divide, separate; Perfect הִבְדִּיל Numbers 16:9; Deuteronomy 10:8; suffix וְהִבְדִּילוֺ consecutive Deuteronomy 29:20; 3feminine singular וְהִבְדִּילָה Exodus 26:33; וְהִבְדַּלְתָּ Numbers 8:14; הִבְדִּילוּ Ezekiel 22:26, etc. Imperfect יַבְדִּיל Leviticus 1:17 +; וַיַּבְדֵּל Genesis 1:4,7; 1 Chronicles 25:1; suffix יַבְדִּילַנִי Isaiah 56:3; וָאַבְדִּל Leviticus 20:26; וָאַבְדִּילָה Ezra 8:24, etc.; Infinitive absolute הַבְדֵּל Isaiah 56:3; construct לְהַבְדִּיל Genesis 1:14 +; Participle מַבְדִּיל Genesis 1:6; מַבְדִּילִים Isaiah 59:2; —
1 divide, separate, subject God Genesis 1:4 followed by וּבֵין....בֵּין between light and darkness, compare Genesis 1:7; subject heavenly bodies Genesis 1:14; Genesis 1:18; subject firmament followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗ Genesis 1:6 (all in P's source); Exodus 26:33 of the מָּרֹכֶת in tabernacle, followed by בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵין֗֗֗ לָכֶם; of iniquities, separating men from God בֵּין ֗֗֗ לְבֵין Isaiah 59:2.
2 separate, set apart, followed by מִן, of ׳י, setting off Israel from other peoples Leviticus 20:24 (H) Numbers 16:9 (P); Leviticus 20:26 followed by also לִהְיוֺת לִי; compare 1 Kings 8:53 לְךָ לְנַחֲלָה ׳הִבְדּ separate them to thyself as an inheritance; of Moses, setting apart Levites, followed by מִתּוֺח Numbers 8:14; of separating an individual from the people, i.e. excluding him Deuteronomy 29:20, followed by also לְרָעָה; followed by מֵעַל Isaiah 56:3 (twice in verse), i.e. excluding him; compare also Nehemiah 13:3 followed by מִן; of setting apart (forbidding) beasts as unclean לָכֶם לְטַמֵּא Leviticus 20:25; of setting apart the tribe of Levi ׳לָשֵׂאת וגו Deuteronomy 10:8 (subject ׳י); compare also (hum. subject) 1 Chronicles 25:1, followed by לַעֲבֹדָה, 2 Chronicles 25:10 followed by Infinitive; similarly Ezra 8:24; even followed by participle Ezekiel 39:14 they shall set apart men עֹבְרִים, i.e. to pass through, or, men that shall pass through (RV); so of setting apart cities, accusative Deuteronomy 4:41; compare Deuteronomy 19:2,7.
3 make a distinction between clean and unclean, holy and profane, followed by בֵּיןוּ֗֗֗בֵין Leviticus 20:25 (H); Leviticus 10:10; Leviticus 11:47 (both P); followed by בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗ Ezekiel 22:26; Ezekiel 42:20.
4 divide into parts Leviticus 1:17; Leviticus 5:8 (P), prohibited in case of fowls offered in sacrifice.
Niph`al Perfect נִבְדְּלוּ 1 Chronicles 12:8; Ezra 9:1; Imperfect יִבָּדֵל Ezra 10:8; וַיִּבָּדֵל 1 Chronicles 23:13; וַיִּבָּֽדְלוּ Ezra 10:16; Nehemiah 9:2; Imperative הִבָּֽדְלוּ Numbers 16:21; Ezra 10:11; Participle נִבְדָּל Ezra 6:21; Nehemiah 10:29. 1 (reflexive of Hiph`il 2)
a. separate oneself from people of the land, heathen, and their practices, also from non-Jewish wives, followed by מִן Ezra 6:21; Ezra 9:1; Ezra 10:11; Nehemiah 9:2; absolute in same sense Ezra 10:16 (compare StaG. ii. 199 & 179 n. WlPharisäer u. Sadd. 76).
b. withdraw from (Moses & Aaron from Israel) Numbers 16:21 (P), followed by מִתּוֺח.
c. separate oneself unto (אֶל) David 1 Chronicles 12:8.
d. Nehemiah 10:29 combines a. & c. separate oneself מֵעַמֵּי הָֽאֲרָצוֺת אֶלתּֿוֺרַת הָאֱלֹהִים.
2 passive, be separated.
a. be excluded from the people, followed by מִן Ezra 10:8.
b. be set apart, of Aaron, followed by לְהַקְדִּישׁוֺ 1 Chronicles 23:13. — On הבדיל, & distinction from הפריד see DrJPhoenician xi. 219.