5362. naqaph
Lexical Summary
naqaph: to strike off
Original Word: נָקַף
Transliteration: naqaph
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-kaf')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to strike off
Meaning: to strike, to knock together, surround, circulate
Strong's Concordance
compass about cut down, destroy, go round about, enclose, round

A primitive root; to strike with more or less violence (beat, fell, corrode); by implication (of attack) to knock together, i.e. Surround or circulate -- compass (about, -ing), cut down, destroy, go round (about), inclose, round.


H5362. naqaph

I. [נָקַף‎] verb strike off (Late Hebrew strike, wound, Aramaic נְקַףid.; Arabic fregit caput, ut cerebrum appareret; Vulgar Arabic snap with the finger (Dozyii. 716); Assyrian na‡pu probably= mutilated; Ethiopic peel, flay Di649); —

Niph`al Perfect3masculine singular הַיַּ֫עַר סִבְכֵי וְנִקַּף‎ consecutive Isaiah 10:34 and the thickets of the forest shall be struck away (on singular verb compare Ges§ 145o DaSynt. § 113 b; or. read נִקְּפוּ‎; — form possibly Pi`el, but compare Di Du CheHpt).

Pi`el Perfect3plural נִקְּפוּזֹֿאת עוֺרִי וְאַחַרJob 19:25 after my skin, which they (Ges§ 144g) have struck off (alluding to ravages of his disease) — this! but text dubious; Bu נִקַּף כָּזאֹת

Niph`al which has been thus struck off.

II. [נָקַףverb] go around (intransitive), (Ecclus 45:9 Hiph`il ויקיפהוsurround something with (2 accusative); Perfect 3 feminine singular הקיפה‎ 43:12 (accusative+ ב‎ instrumental); Late Hebrew Hiph`il הִקִּיף‎ = Biblical Hebrew; also = cling to, be attached, joined to, and so Aramaic אַקֵּיף‎ (Aph`el), );

Qal Imperfect יִנְקֹ֑פוּ חַגִּיםIsaiah 29:1 (figurative) let feasts go around, i.e. run the round (of the year).

Hiph`il Perfect הִקִּיףJob 19:6; 3feminine singular הִקִּ֫יפָהִIsaiah 15:8; 3plural הִקִּ֫יפוּJob 1:5; Psalm 88:18, וְהִקִּיפוּ‎ consecutive 2 Chronicles 23:7, suffix הִקִּיפוּנִיPsalm 22:17; 2masculine plural וְהִקַּפְתֶּם‎ consecutive 2 Kings 11:8; Imperfect וַיַּקַּףLamentations 3:5; 3masculine plural יַקִּ֫יפוּPsalm 17:9, וַיַּקִּ֫פוּ2 Kings 6:14; 2masculine plural תַּקִּ֫פוּLeviticus 19:27; Imperative masculine plural suffix הַקִּיפ֫וּהָPsalm 48:13; Infinitive absolute הַקֵּיףJoshua 6:3, הַקֵּף6:11; Participle plural מַקִּ(י)פִים1 Kings 7:24; 2 Chronicles 4:3; —

1 go around, surround, encompass:

a. go around, with accusative of city, Joshua 6:3 compare 6:11 (accusative omitted), Psalm 48:13 (all "" סָבָב‎); also (figurative) אֶתֿ הַזְּעָקָה הִקִּ֫יפָהIsaiah 15:8 the cry hath gone about the border of Moab.

b. surround, encompass, enclose, usually with עַלהָֿעִיר וַיַּקִּ֫פוּ ׃עַלֿ2 Kings 6:14 and they closed in upon the city (beleaguered it); with עַל‎ person 11:8 (+ סָבִיב‎), Psalm 17:9; 88:18 ("" סָבַב‎), + accusative of thing Job 19:6 he hath closed his net in upon me compare Lamentations 3:5; less often with accusative of person Psalm 22:17 ("" סָבַב‎), 2 Chronicles 23:7 ("" 2 Kings 11:8; + סָבִיב‎), also of inanimate things 1 Kings 7:24 2 Chronicles 4:3 (both + סָבִיב‎, "" סָבַב‎).

2 make the round, i.e. complete the circuit ׳הִקּ הַמִּשְׁתֶּה יְמֵיJob 1:5 when the days of feasting had completed their circuit.

3 make round, round off (literally): חַקּ ׳לֹא ראֹשְׁכֶם מְּאַתLeviticus 19:27 ("" זְקָנֶ֑ךָ מְּאַת אֵת תַשְׁחִית לֹא‎), of heathen rite.

קוף‎ (√of following; apparently = II. נקף‎, go around).


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