echthros: hostileOriginal Word: ἐχθρός, ά, όνPart of Speech:
hated, hostile, an enemyDefinition:
hated, hostile; subst: an enemy.
2190 exthrós – properly, an enemy; someone openly hostile (at enmity), animated by deep-seated hatred. 2190/exthros ("enemy"), implies irreconcilable hostility, proceeding out of a "personal" hatred bent on inflicting harm (DNTT).
[2190 (exthrós) describes a person resolved to inflict harm (see DNTT, Vol 1, 553) – i.e. driven by irreconcilable, deep-rooted enmity.]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
from echthos (hatred)Definition
enemies (20), enemy (10), enemy* (1), hostile (1).
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 2190: ἐχθρόςἐχθρός
hatred); the Sept.
numberless times for אויֵב
, also for צַר
, several times for שׂונֵא
, a hater;
1. passively, hated, odious, hateful (in Homer only in this sense): Romans 11:28 (opposed to ἀγαπητός).
2. actively, hostile, hating and opposing another: 1 Corinthians 15:25; 2 Thessalonians 3:15; with the genitive of the person hated or opposed, James 4:4 Lachmann; Galatians 4:16, cf. Meyer or Wieseler on the latter passage used of men as at enmity with God by their sin: Romans 5:10 (cf. Romans 8:7; Colossians 1:21; James 4:4) (but many take ἐχθρός here (as in , see 1 above) passively; cf. Meyer); τῇ διάνοια, opposing (God) in the mind, Colossians 1:21; ἐχθρός ἄνθρωπος, a man that is hostile, a certain enemy, Matthew 13:28; ὁ ἐχθρός, the hostile one (well known to you), i. e. κατ' ἐξοχήν the devil, the most bitter enemy of the divine government: Luke 10:19, cf. Matthew 13:39 (and ecclesiastical writings). ὁ ἐχθρός (and ἐχθρός) substantively, enemy (so the word, whether adjective or a substantive, is translated in A. V., except twice (R. V. once) foe: ἔσχατος ἐχθρός, 1 Corinthians 15:26): with the genitive of the person to whom one is hostile, Matthew 5:43; Matthew 10:36; Matthew 13:25; Luke 1:(),; ; Romans 12:20; Revelation 11:5, 12; in the words of Psalm 109:1<10> (), quoted in Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:43; Acts 2:35; 1 Corinthians 15:25 (L brackets; others omit the genitive (see above)); Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 10:13. with the genitive of the thing: Acts 13:10; τοῦ σταυροῦ τοῦ Χριστοῦ, who given up to their evil passions evade the obligations imposed upon them by the death of Christ, Philippians 3:18.<1>
From a primary echtho (to hate); hateful (passively, odious, or actively, hostile); usually as a noun, an adversary (especially Satan) -- enemy, foe.