4456. póroó
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póroó: to petrify, i.e. to harden
Original Word: πωρόω
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: póroó
Phonetic Spelling: (po-ro'-o)
Short Definition: I harden, render callous
Definition: I harden, render callous, petrify.

HELPS word-Studies

4456 pōróō (from pōros, a kind of marble) – properly, made of stone; (figuratively) insensible; dull, unperceptive as a rock; calloused (hardened); i.e. unresponsive (dense), completely lacking sensitivity or spiritual perception.

[From the time of Hippocrates, 4456 (pōróō) means "harden," like a formed callus which petrifies (cf. DNTT, 2, 153).

4456 (pōróō) was applied to bony formations on the joints (a "callus," ossification) – hence meaning "to petrify" (as in "covering over with a callus"). 4456 (pōróō) is only used figuratively in the NT meaning "to deaden (dull), to make (render) obtuse (dull, dead)" (Souter).]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from póros (a stone, a callous)
to petrify, i.e. to harden
NASB Translation
hardened (5).

STRONGS NT 4456: πωρόω

πωρόω, πώρω: 1 aorist ἐπωρωσα (John 12:40 T Tr WH); perfect πεπώρωκα; perfect passive participle πεπωρωμενος; 1 aorist passive ἐπωρωθην; (πῶρος, hard skin, a hardening, induration); to cover with a thick skin, to harden by covering with a callus (R. V. everywhere simply to harden): metaphorically, καρδίαν, to make the heart dull, John 12:40; passive, to grow hard or callous, become dull, lose the power of understanding: Romans 11:7; τά νοήματα, 2 Corinthians 3:14; καρδία, Mark 6:52; Mark 8:17. Cf. Fritzsche, Commentary on Mark, p. 78f; on Romans, ii., p. 451f. ((Hippocrates (), Aristotle, others.))

harden, blind

Apparently from poros (a kind of stone); to petrify, i.e. (figuratively) to indurate (render stupid or callous) -- blind, harden.

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