Jump to: Smith'sATSISBEWebster'sConcordanceThesaurusGreekHebrewSubtopicsTerms
Bible Concordance
Mourning (85 Occurrences)

Matthew 2:18 "A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children; she wouldn't be comforted, because they are no more." (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Matthew 5:4 Happy the mourning -- because they shall be comforted. (YLT)

Mark 16:10 She went and brought the tidings to those who had been with Him, as they were mourning and weeping. (WEY YLT NAS NIV)

Luke 8:52 All were weeping and mourning her, but he said, "Don't weep. She isn't dead, but sleeping." (WEB NIV)

Luke 23:27 A great multitude of the people followed him, including women who also mourned and lamented him. (See NAS)

1 Corinthians 5:2 And you, instead of mourning and removing from among you the man who has done this deed of shame, are filled with self-complacency! (WEY)

1 Corinthians 7:30 and those who weep, as though they didn't weep; and those who rejoice, as though they didn't rejoice; and those who buy, as though they didn't possess; (See RSV)

2 Corinthians 7:7 and not by his coming only, but also by the comfort with which he was comforted in you, while he told us of your longing, your mourning, and your zeal for me; so that I rejoiced still more. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)

James 4:9 Lament, mourn, and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to gloom. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Revelation 18:7 However much she glorified herself, and grew wanton, so much give her of torment and mourning. For she says in her heart,'I sit a queen, and am no widow, and will in no way see mourning.' (WEB ASV NAS RSV)

Revelation 18:8 Therefore in one day her plagues will come: death, mourning, and famine; and she will be utterly burned with fire; for the Lord God who has judged her is strong. (WEB KJV ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Revelation 18:15 The merchants of these things, who were made rich by her, will stand far away for the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning; (WEB ASV NAS RSV)

Revelation 18:19 They cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and mourning, saying,'Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had their ships in the sea were made rich by reason of her great wealth!' For in one hour is she made desolate. (WEB ASV NAS NIV)

Revelation 21:4 He will wipe away from them every tear from their eyes. Death will be no more; neither will there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain, any more. The first things have passed away." (WEB ASV NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 27:41 Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father blessed him. Esau said in his heart, "The days of mourning for my father are at hand. Then I will kill my brother Jacob." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 37:35 All his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted. He said, "For I will go down to Sheol to my son mourning." His father wept for him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 38:12 After many days, Shua's daughter, the wife of Judah, died. Judah was comforted, and went up to his sheepshearers to Timnah, he and his friend Hirah, the Adullamite. (See NAS)

Genesis 50:4 And when the days of his mourning were past, Joseph spake unto the house of Pharaoh, saying, If now I have found grace in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, (KJV DBY WBS NAS NIV)

Genesis 50:10 And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a great and very sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his father seven days. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Genesis 50:11 When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, "This is a grievous mourning by the Egyptians." Therefore, its name was called Abel Mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 33:4 And when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned; and no man did put on him his ornaments. (See NAS)

Deuteronomy 26:14 I have not eaten of it in my mourning, neither have I put away of it, being unclean, nor given of it for the dead: I have listened to the voice of Yahweh my God; I have done according to all that you have commanded me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 34:8 The children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping in the mourning for Moses were ended. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 16:1 And Jehovah saith unto Samuel, 'Till when art thou mourning for Saul, and I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thy horn with oil, and go, I send thee unto Jesse the Beth-Lehemite, for I have seen among his sons for Myself a king. (YLT)

2 Samuel 3:31 And David saith unto Joab, and unto all the people who 'are' with him, 'Rend your garments, and gird on sackcloth, and mourn before Abner;' and king David is going after the bier. (See NIV)

2 Samuel 11:27 When the mourning was past, David sent and took her home to his house, and she became his wife, and bore him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 14:2 Joab sent to Tekoa, and fetched there a wise woman, and said to her, "Please act like a mourner, and put on mourning clothing, please, and don't anoint yourself with oil, but be as a woman who has mourned a long time for the dead. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 19:1 And it is declared to Joab, 'Lo, the king is weeping and mourning for Absalom;' (YLT RSV NIV)

2 Samuel 19:2 The victory that day was turned into mourning to all the people; for the people heard it said that day, "The king grieves for his son." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 35:24 And his servants remove him from the chariot, and cause him to ride on the second chariot that he hath, and cause him to go to Jerusalem, and he dieth, and is buried in the graves of his fathers, and all Judah and Jerusalem are mourning for Josiah, (YLT)

Ezra 10:6 And Ezra riseth from before the house of God, and goeth unto the chamber of Jehohanan son of Eliashib; yea, he goeth there, bread he hath not eaten, and water he hath not drunk, for he is mourning because of the trespass of the removal. (YLT NAS RSV)

Esther 4:3 In every province, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Esther 6:12 Mordecai came back to the king's gate, but Haman hurried to his house, mourning and having his head covered. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Esther 9:22 as the days in which the Jews had rest from their enemies, and the month which was turned to them from sorrow to gladness, and from mourning into a good day; that they should make them days of feasting and gladness, and of sending presents of food to one another, and gifts to the needy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Job 3:8 Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning. (KJV WBS)

Job 30:28 I go mourning without the sun. I stand up in the assembly, and cry for help. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Job 30:31 Therefore my harp has turned to mourning, and my pipe into the voice of those who weep. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 30:11 You have turned my mourning into dancing for me. You have removed my sackcloth, and clothed me with gladness, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Psalms 35:14 I behaved myself as though it had been my friend or my brother. I bowed down mourning, as one who mourns his mother. (WEB ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 38:6 I am pained and bowed down greatly. I go mourning all day long. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 42:9 I will ask God, my rock, "Why have you forgotten me? Why do I go mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 43:2 For you are the God of my strength. Why have you rejected me? Why do I go mourning because of the oppression of the enemy? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ecclesiastes 7:2 It is better to go to the house of mourning than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men, and the living should take this to heart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ecclesiastes 7:4 The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 22:12 In that day, the Lord, Yahweh of Armies, called to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to dressing in sackcloth: (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS RSV)

Isaiah 29:2 then I will distress Ariel, and there will be mourning and lamentation. She shall be to me as an altar hearth. (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS)

Isaiah 38:14 Like a crane or a swallow, so did I chatter: I did mourn as a dove: mine eyes fail with looking upward: O LORD, I am oppressed; undertake for me. (See NIV)

Isaiah 51:11 Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away. (KJV WBS)

Isaiah 57:18 His ways I have seen, and I heal him, yea, I lead him, And recompense comforts to him and to his mourning ones. (YLT)

Isaiah 58:7 Is it not to deal to the hungry thy bread, And the mourning poor bring home, That thou seest the naked and cover him, And from thine own flesh hide not thyself? (YLT)

Isaiah 60:20 Your sun shall no more go down, neither shall your moon withdraw itself; for Yahweh will be your everlasting light, and the days of your mourning shall be ended. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Isaiah 61:3 to appoint to those who mourn in Zion, to give to them a garland for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they may be called trees of righteousness, the planting of Yahweh, that he may be glorified. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 66:10 Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, And be glad in her, all ye loving her, Rejoice ye with her for joy, All ye are mourning for her, (YLT)

Jeremiah 6:26 O daughter of my people, gird thee with sackcloth, and wallow thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, as for an only son, most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Jeremiah 8:21 For the breach of the daughter of my people am I crushed; I go mourning; astonishment hath taken hold of me. (DBY)

Jeremiah 9:17 Thus says Yahweh of Armies, Consider, and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for the skillful women, that they may come: (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 14:2 Mourned hath Judah, and her gates have languished, They have mourned to the earth, And the cry of Jerusalem hath gone up. (See NAS)

Jeremiah 16:5 For thus says Yahweh, Don't enter into the house of mourning, neither go to lament, neither bemoan them; for I have taken away my peace from this people, says Yahweh, even loving kindness and tender mercies. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 16:7 neither shall men break bread for them in mourning, to comfort them for the dead; neither shall men give them the cup of consolation to drink for their father or for their mother. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Jeremiah 31:13 Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, and the young men and the old together; for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 31:15 Thus says Yahweh: A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children; she refuses to be comforted for her children, because they are no more. (See NIV)

Jeremiah 47:5 Baldness is come on Gaza; Ashkelon is brought to nothing, the remnant of their valley: how long will you cut yourself? (See NIV)

Jeremiah 48:38 On all the housetops of Moab and in its streets there is lamentation every where; for I have broken Moab like a vessel in which none delights, says Yahweh. (See NIV)

Lamentations 1:4 The ways of Zion are mourning, Without any coming at the appointed time, All her gates are desolate, her priests sigh, Her virgins are afflicted -- and she hath bitterness. (YLT NAS)

Lamentations 2:5 The Lord is become as an enemy, he has swallowed up Israel; He has swallowed up all her palaces, he has destroyed his strongholds; He has multiplied in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Lamentations 3:19 Remember my affliction and my mourning, Wormwood and gall! (YLT)

Lamentations 5:15 The joy of our heart is ceased; Our dance is turned into mourning. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 2:10 He spread it before me: and it was written within and without; and there were written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 7:16 But they that escape of them shall escape, and shall be on the mountains like doves of the valleys, all of them mourning, every one for his iniquity. (KJV WBS NAS)

Ezekiel 8:14 Then he brought me to the door of the gate of Yahweh's house which was toward the north; and see, there sat the women weeping for Tammuz. (See NIV)

Ezekiel 24:17 Sigh, but not aloud, make no mourning for the dead; bind your headdress on you, and put your shoes on your feet, and don't cover your lips, and don't eat men's bread. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 27:31 and they shall make themselves bald for you, and gird them with sackcloth, and they shall weep for you in bitterness of soul with bitter mourning. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 31:15 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: In the day when he went down to Sheol I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained its rivers; and the great waters were stayed; and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NIV)

Daniel 10:2 In those days I, Daniel, was mourning three whole weeks. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Joel 1:9 Cut off hath been present and libation from the house of Jehovah, Mourned have the priests, ministrants of Jehovah. (See NIV)

Joel 2:12 "Yet even now," says Yahweh, "turn to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Amos 5:16 Therefore thus says Yahweh, the God of Armies, the Lord: "Wailing will be in all the broad ways; and they will say in all the streets,'Alas! Alas!' and they will call the farmer to mourning, and those who are skillful in lamentation to wailing. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Amos 8:10 I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will make you wear sackcloth on all your bodies, and baldness on every head. I will make it like the mourning for an only son, and its end like a bitter day. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Micah 1:8 Therefore I will wail and howl, I will go stripped and naked: I will make a wailing like the dragons, and mourning as the owls. (KJV JPS DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Micah 1:11 Pass ye away, thou inhabitant of Saphir, having thy shame naked: the inhabitant of Zaanan came not forth in the mourning of Bethezel; he shall receive of you his standing. (KJV WBS NIV)

Micah 1:16 Shave your heads, and cut off your hair for the children of your delight. Enlarge your baldness like the vulture; for they have gone into captivity from you! (See NIV)

Zechariah 7:6 When ye fasted with mourning in the fifth and in the seventh 'months' -- even these seventy years -- did ye keep the fast 'to' Me -- Me? And when ye eat, and when ye drink, is it not ye who are eating, and ye who are drinking? (YLT)

Zechariah 12:10 And I have poured on the house of David, And on the inhabitant of Jerusalem, A spirit of grace and supplications, And they have looked unto Me whom they pierced, And they have mourned over it, Like a mourning over the only one, And they have been in bitterness for it, Like a bitterness over the first-born. (YLT)

Zechariah 12:11 In that day there will be a great mourning in Jerusalem, like the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Malachi 3:14 Ye have said: 'It is vain to serve God; and what profit is it that we have kept His charge, and that we have walked mournfully because of the LORD of hosts? (See NAS RSV)

Mourning (85 Occurrences)
... 5. (a.) Employed to express sorrow or grief; worn or used as appropriate to the
condition of one bereaved or sorrowing; as, mourning garments; a mourning ring ...
/m/mourning.htm - 34k

Mourning-feast (2 Occurrences)
Mourning-feast. << Mourning, Mourning-feast. Mournings >>. Multi-Version
Concordance Mourning-feast (2 Occurrences). Jeremiah ...
/m/mourning-feast.htm - 7k

Baldness (11 Occurrences)
... This probably arose from their custom of constantly shaving the head, only
allowing the hair to grow as a sign of mourning. With ...
/b/baldness.htm - 13k

Abel-mizraim (1 Occurrence)
... Meadow of Egypt, or mourning of Egypt, a place "beyond," ie, on the west of Jordan,
at the "threshing-floor of Atad." Here the Egyptians mourned seventy days ...
/a/abel-mizraim.htm - 8k

Abelmizraim (1 Occurrence)
... Meadow of Egypt, or mourning of Egypt, a place "beyond," ie, on the west of Jordan,
at the "threshing-floor of Atad." Here the Egyptians mourned seventy days ...
/a/abelmizraim.htm - 8k

Lamentation (45 Occurrences)
... It was a frequent accompaniment of mourning (Amos 8:10). ... Isaiah 29:2 then I will
distress Ariel, and there will be mourning and lamentation. ...
/l/lamentation.htm - 21k

Wailing (44 Occurrences)
... came to the threshing-floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and there they
lamented with a very great and sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his ...
/w/wailing.htm - 19k

Sackcloth (47 Occurrences)
... (n.) Linen or cotton cloth such as sacks are made of; coarse cloth; anciently, a
cloth or garment worn in mourning, distress, mortification, or penitence. Int. ...
/s/sackcloth.htm - 23k

Threshing-floor (36 Occurrences)
... came to the threshing-floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and there they
lamented with a very great and sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his ...
/t/threshing-floor.htm - 21k

Moaning (9 Occurrences)
... (See JPS). Isaiah 29:2 then will I distress Ariel, and there shall be mourning and
lamentation; and she shall be unto me as Ariel. (See JPS RSV). ...
/m/moaning.htm - 8k

3997. penthos -- mourning
... mourning. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: penthos Phonetic Spelling:
(pen'-thos) Short Definition: mourning, sorrow Definition: mourning, sorrow ...
/greek/3997.htm - 6k

3602. odurmos -- lamentation
... Masculine Transliteration: odurmos Phonetic Spelling: (od-oor-mos') Short Definition:
lamentation, wailing Definition: lamentation, wailing, mourning, sorrow. ...
/greek/3602.htm - 6k

2875. kopto -- to cut (off), strike, by ext. to mourn
... root kop- Definition to cut (off), strike, by ext. to mourn NASB Word Usage cut
(1), cutting (1), lament (1), lamenting (1), mourn (3), mourning (1). ...
/greek/2875.htm - 7k

4526. sakkos -- sackcloth
... Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: sakkos Phonetic Spelling:
(sak'-kos) Short Definition: sack-cloth Definition: sack-cloth, a sign of mourning. ...
/greek/4526.htm - 6k

3996. pentheo -- to mourn, lament
... R. Trench, .). Word Origin from penthos Definition to mourn, lament NASB Word
Usage mourn (6), mourned (1), mourning (3). mourn, bewail. ...
/greek/3996.htm - 7k

2351. thorubos -- an uproar
... times. They performed public lamentations so the haunting sound of the flute
became synonymous with death (tragedy, mourning). [Professional ...
/greek/2351.htm - 7k

2870. kopetos -- a beating of the head and breast
... lamentation. From kopto; mourning (properly, by beating the breast) -- lamentation.
see GREEK kopto. (kopeton) -- 1 Occurrence. << 2869, 2870. kopetos. 2871 >>. ...
/greek/2870.htm - 6k

Smith's Bible Dictionary

One marked feature of Oriental mourning is what may be called its studies publicity and the careful observance of the prescribed ceremonies. (Genesis 23:2; Job 1:20; 2:12)

  1. Among the particular forms observed the following may be mentioned: (a) Rending the clothes. (Genesis 37:29,34; 44:13) etc. (b) Dressing in sackcloth. (Genesis 37:34; 2 Samuel 3:31; 21:10) etc. (c) Ashes, dust or earth sprinkled on the person. (2 Samuel 13:19; 15:32) etc. (d) Black or sad-colored garments. (2 Samuel 14:2; Jeremiah 8:21) etc. (e) Removal of ornaments or neglect of person. (21:12,13) etc. (f) Shaving the head, plucking out the hair of the head or beard. (Leviticus 10:6; 2 Samuel 19:24) etc. (g) Laying bare some part of the body. (Isaiah 20:2; 47:2) etc. (h) Fasting or abstinence in meat and drink. (2 Samuel 1:12; 3:35; 12:16,22) etc. (i) In the same direction may be mentioned diminution in offerings to God, and prohibition to partake of sacrificial food. (Leviticus 7:20; 26:14) (k) Covering the "upper lip," i.e. the lower part of the face, and sometimes the head, in token of silence. (Leviticus 13:45; 2 Samuel 15:30; 19:4) (l) Cutting the flesh, (Jeremiah 16:6,7; 41:5) beating the body. (Ezekiel 21:12; Jeremiah 31:19) (m) Employment of persons hired for the purpose of mourning. (Ecclesiastes 12:5; Jeremiah 9:17; Amos 5:16; Matthew 9:23) (n) Akin to the foregoing usage the custom for friends or passers-by to join in the lamentations of bereaved or afflicted persons. (Genesis 50:3; Judges 11:40; Job 2:11; 30:25) etc. (o) The sitting or lying posture in silence indicative of grief. (Genesis 23:3; Judges 20:26) etc. (p) Mourning feast and cup of consolation. (Jeremiah 16:7,8)
  2. The period of mourning varied. In the case of Jacob it was seventy days, (Genesis 50:3) of Aaron, (Numbers 20:29) and Moses, Deuteronomy 34:8 thirty. A further period of seven days in Jacob's case. (Genesis 50:10) Seven days for Saul, which may have been an abridged period in the time of national danger. (1 Samuel 31:13) With the practices above mentioned, Oriental and other customs, ancient and modern, in great measure agree. Arab men are silent in grief, but the women scream, tear their hair, hands and face, and throw earth or sand on their heads. Both Mohammedans and Christians in Egypt hire wailing-women, and wail at stated times. Burckhardt says the women of Atbara in Nubia shave their heads on the death of their nearest relatives --a custom prevalent also among several of the peasant tribes of upper Egypt. He also mentions wailing-women, and a man in distress besmearing his face with dirt and dust in token of grief. In the "Arabian Nights" are frequent allusions to similar practices. It also mentions ten days and forty days as periods of mourning. Lane, speaking of the modern Egyptians, says, "After death the women of the family raise cries of lamentation called welweleh or wilwal , uttering the most piercing shrieks, and calling upon the name of the deceased, Oh, my master! Oh, my resource! Oh, my misfortune! Oh, my glory!" See (Jeremiah 22:18) The females of the neighborhood come to join with them in this conclamation: generally, also, the family send for two or more neddabehs or public wailing-women. Each brings a tambourine, and beating them they exclaim, Alas for him!? The female relatives, domestics and friends, with their hair dishevelled and sometimes with rent clothes, beating their faces, cry in like manner, Alas for him!? These make no alteration in dress, but women, in some cases, dye their shirts, head-veils and handkerchiefs of a dark-blue color. They visit the tombs at stated periods." --Mod. Eg. iii. 152,171,195.
ATS Bible Dictionary

The Hebrews, at the death of their friends and relations, made striking demonstrations of grief and mourning. They wept, tore their clothes, smote their breasts, threw dust upon their heads, Joshua 7:6, and lay upon the ground, went barefooted, pulled their hair and beards, or cut them, Ezra 9:3 Isaiah 15:2, and made incisions on their breasts, or tore them with their nails, Le 19:28 21:5 Jeremiah 16:6 48:37. The time of mourning was commonly seven days, 1 Samuel 31:11-13; but it was lengthened or shortened according to circumstances, Zechariah 12:10. That for Moses and Aaron was prolonged to thirty days, Numbers 20:29 De 34:8; and that for Jacob to seventy days, Genesis 50:3.

During the time of their mourning, the near relations of the deceased continued sitting in their houses, and fasted, 2 Samuel 12:16, or ate on the ground. The food they took was thought unclean, and even themselves were judged impure. "Their sacrifices shall be unto them as the bread of mourners: all that eat thereof shall be polluted," Hosea 9:4. Their faces were covered, and in all that time they could not apply themselves to any occupation, nor read the book of the law, nor offer their usual prayers. They did not dress themselves, nor make their beds, nor uncover their heads, nor shave themselves, nor cut their nails, nor go into the bath, nor salute any body. Nobody spoke to them unless they spoke first, Job 2:11-13. Their friends commonly went to visit and comfort them, John 11:19,39, bringing them food, 2 Samuel 3:35 Jeremiah 16:7. They also went up to the roof, or upon the platform of their houses, to bewail their misfortune: "They shall gird themselves with sackcloth; on the tops of their houses, and in their streets, every one shall howl, weeping abundantly," Isaiah 15:3 Jeremiah 48:38. The mourning dress among the Hebrews was not fixed either by law or custom. We only find in Scripture that they used to tear their garments, a custom still observed; but now they tear a small part merely, and for form's sake, 2 Samuel 13:19 2 Chronicles 34:27 Ezra 9:3 Job 2:12 Joel 2:13. Anciently in times of mourning, they clothed themselves in sackcloth, or haircloth, that is, in clothes of coarse brown or black stuff, 2 Samuel 3:31 1 Kings 21:27 Esther 4:1 Psalm 35:13 69:11.

They hired women to weep and wail, and also persons to play on instruments, at the funerals of the rich or distinguished, Jeremiah 9:17. In Matthew 9:23, we observe a company of minstrels or players on the flute, at the funeral of a girl of twelve year of age. All that met a funeral procession were accustomed to join them for a time, to accompany them on their way, sometimes relieving the bearers of the bier, and mingling their tears with those of the mourners, Romans 12:15.

The custom of hiring women to weep and wail has come down to modern times. The following account of such a scene at Nablous, the ancient Shechem, is form Dr. Jowett. The governor of the city had died the very morning of Dr. Jowett's arrival. "On coming within sight of the gate, we perceived a numerous company of females, who were singing in a kind of recitative, far from melancholy, and beating time with their hands. If this be mourning, I thought, it is of a strange kind. It had indeed sometimes more the air of angry defiance. But on our reaching the gate, it was suddenly exchanged for most hideous plaints and shrieks, which, with the feeling that we were entering a city at no time celebrated for its hospitality, struck a very dismal impression upon my mind. They accompanied us a few paces; but it soon appeared that the gate was their station, to which having received nothing from us, they returned. We learned, in the course of the evening, that these were only a small detachment of a very numerous body of ?cunning women- with the design, as of old, to make the eyes of all the inhabitants ?run down with tears, and their eyelids gush out with water,- Jeremiah 9:17-18. For this good service, they would, the next morning wait upon the government and principal persons, to receive some trifling fee."

Some of the Jewish forms of mourning are the appropriate and universal language of grief; others, to our modern and occidental taste, savor of extravagance. None of these were enjoined by their religion, which rather restricted than encouraged them, Le 10:6 19:27 21:1-11 Numbers 6:7 De 14:1. They were the established customs of the times. Sorrow finds some relief in reversing all the usages of ordinary life. Christianity, however, moderates and assuages our grief; shows us a Father's hand holding the rod, and the dark valley itself penetrated by the heavenly light into which it emerges, 1 1 Corinthians 15:53-55 1 Thessalonians 4:14-18 Revelation 7:13-17 14:13.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia



Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Mourn.

2. (n.) The act of sorrowing or expressing grief; lamentation; sorrow.

3. (n.) Garb, drapery, or emblems indicative of grief, esp. clothing or a badge of somber black.

4. (a.) Grieving; sorrowing; lamenting.

5. (a.) Employed to express sorrow or grief; worn or used as appropriate to the condition of one bereaved or sorrowing; as, mourning garments; a mourning ring; a mourning pin, and the like.

Strong's Hebrew
60. ebel -- mourning
... << 59, 60. ebel. 61 >>. mourning. Transliteration: ebel Phonetic Spelling:
(ay'-bel) Short Definition: mourning. Word Origin from abal ...
/hebrew/60.htm - 6k

592. aniyyah -- mourning
... << 591, 592. aniyyah. 593 >>. mourning. Transliteration: aniyyah Phonetic Spelling:
(an-ee-yaw') Short Definition: mourning. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/592.htm - 6k

57. abel -- mourning
... << 56, 57. abel. 58 >>. mourning. Transliteration: abel Phonetic Spelling:
(aw-bale') Short Definition: mourning. Word Origin from abal ...
/hebrew/57.htm - 6k

8386. taaniyyah -- mourning
... mourning. Transliteration: taaniyyah Phonetic Spelling: (tah-an-ee-yaw') Short
Definition: lamenting. ... occasion. From 'anah; lamentation -- heaviness, mourning. ...
/hebrew/8386.htm - 6k

5092. nehi -- a wailing, lamentation, mourning song
... << 5091, 5092. nehi. 5093 >>. a wailing, lamentation, mourning song. Transliteration:
nehi Phonetic Spelling: (neh-hee') Short Definition: wailing. ...
/hebrew/5092.htm - 6k

6428. palash -- (act of mourning) perhaps to roll in
... palash. 6429 >>. (act of mourning) perhaps to roll in. Transliteration: palash Phonetic
Spelling: (paw-lash') Short Definition: roll. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/6428.htm - 6k

1068. bekith -- a weeping
... bekith. 1069 >>. a weeping. Transliteration: bekith Phonetic Spelling: (bek-eeth')
Short Definition: mourning. ... mourning. From bakah; a weeping -- mourning. ...
/hebrew/1068.htm - 6k

1899. hegeh -- a rumbling, growling, moaning
... << 1898, 1899. hegeh. 1900 >>. a rumbling, growling, moaning. Transliteration: hegeh
Phonetic Spelling: (heh'-geh) Short Definition: mourning. ... mourning, sound, tale ...
/hebrew/1899.htm - 6k

4553. misped -- a wailing
... << 4552, 4553. misped. 4554 >>. a wailing. Transliteration: misped Phonetic Spelling:
(mis-pade') Short Definition: mourning. ... lamentation, mourning, wailing. ...
/hebrew/4553.htm - 6k

6941. qedorannith -- as mourners
... << 6940, 6941. qedorannith. 6942 >>. as mourners. Transliteration: qedorannith Phonetic
Spelling: (ked-o-ran-neeth') Short Definition: mourning. ...
/hebrew/6941.htm - 6k



Mourning for Calamities and Other Sorrows: Ripping the Garments

Mourning for Nadab and Abihu Forbidden

Mourning for the Dead: Cutting the Flesh

Mourning for the Dead: Fasting

Mourning for the Dead: Head Uncovered

Mourning for the Dead: Lamentations

Mourning for the Dead: Lying on the Ground

Mourning for the Dead: Personal Appearance Neglected

Mourning: Abraham Mourned for Sarah

Mourning: Ashes Put on the Head

Mourning: Caused Ceremonial Defilement

Mourning: Covering: The Head and the Face

Mourning: Covering: The Upper Lip

Mourning: Cutting or Plucking off the Hair and Beard

Mourning: David's Lamentations Over: The Death of Abner

Mourning: David's Lamentations Over: The Death of Absalom

Mourning: David's Lamentations Over: The Death of Saul and his Sons

Mourning: Dressing in Black

Mourning: Dust on the Head

Mourning: Hired Mourners

Mourning: Jeremiah and the Singing Men and Singing Women Lament for Josiah

Mourning: Laying Aside Ornaments

Mourning: Laying the Hand on the Head

Mourning: Prevented offerings from Being Accepted

Mourning: Priests Prohibited, Except for the Nearest of Kin

Mourning: Sexes Separated In

Mourning: Sitting on the Ground

Mourning: The Egyptians Mourned for Jacob for Seventy Days

Mourning: The Israelites Mourned for Aaron for Thirty Days

Mourning: Walking Barefoot

Mourning: Wearing Mourning Clothes

Related Terms

Mourning-feast (2 Occurrences)

Baldness (11 Occurrences)

Abel-mizraim (1 Occurrence)

Abelmizraim (1 Occurrence)

Lamentation (45 Occurrences)

Wailing (44 Occurrences)

Sackcloth (47 Occurrences)

Threshing-floor (36 Occurrences)

Moaning (9 Occurrences)

Mourner (6 Occurrences)

Megiddon (1 Occurrence)

Mourners (13 Occurrences)

Cutting (178 Occurrences)

Torment (19 Occurrences)

Barefoot (7 Occurrences)

Hadadrimmon (1 Occurrence)

Burial (25 Occurrences)

Sparrow (4 Occurrences)

Mourn (87 Occurrences)

Heaviness (14 Occurrences)

Lament (44 Occurrences)

Megiddo (13 Occurrences)

Grievous (73 Occurrences)

Comforted (56 Occurrences)

Ashes (44 Occurrences)

Mourned (54 Occurrences)

Weeping (237 Occurrences)

Bitterness (37 Occurrences)

Lamenting (8 Occurrences)

Weed (3 Occurrences)

Wanton (20 Occurrences)

Waxed (57 Occurrences)

Inhabitant (54 Occurrences)

Flesh (468 Occurrences)

Fetched (26 Occurrences)

Threshing (57 Occurrences)

Religious (13 Occurrences)

Everyone's (8 Occurrences)

Egyptians (108 Occurrences)

Mournful (3 Occurrences)

Mizraim (5 Occurrences)

Megid'do (12 Occurrences)

Played (50 Occurrences)


Ceremony (3 Occurrences)

Console (7 Occurrences)

Cuttings (5 Occurrences)

A'bel-Mizraim (1 Occurrence)

Atad (2 Occurrences)

Anointing (39 Occurrences)

Sensuously (2 Occurrences)

Soever (24 Occurrences)

Dove (27 Occurrences)

Cut (616 Occurrences)

Hadadrim'mon (1 Occurrence)

Rachel (42 Occurrences)

Consolation (23 Occurrences)

Floor (69 Occurrences)

Inhabitants (254 Occurrences)

Glorified (60 Occurrences)

Heavy (110 Occurrences)

Beard (23 Occurrences)

Weep (97 Occurrences)

Gloom (29 Occurrences)

Wherewith (182 Occurrences)

Grew (133 Occurrences)

Widow (71 Occurrences)

Festivals (17 Occurrences)

Shave (19 Occurrences)

Fasting (34 Occurrences)

Dance (18 Occurrences)

Feasting (39 Occurrences)

Wept (78 Occurrences)

Canaanite (74 Occurrences)

Degree (19 Occurrences)

Apparel (38 Occurrences)

Queen (59 Occurrences)

Lip (20 Occurrences)

Herself (121 Occurrences)

Top of Page
Top of Page