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Bible Concordance
Rest (831 Occurrences)

Matthew 2:9 And after hearing the king, they went on their way; and the star which they saw in the east went before them, till it came to rest over the place where the young child was. (BBE RSV)

Matthew 8:20 And Jesus said to him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of heaven have a resting-place; but the Son of man has nowhere to put his head. (Root in BBE YLT)

Matthew 10:13 If the household is worthy, let your peace come on it, but if it isn't worthy, let your peace return to you. (See NIV)

Matthew 11:28 "Come to me, all you who labor and are heavily burdened, and I will give you rest. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart; and you will find rest for your souls. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 12:21 And on His name shall the nations rest their hopes." (WEY)

Matthew 12:43 But the unclean spirit, when he is gone out of the man, passes through waterless places, seeking rest, and doesn't find it. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 13:32 Which is smaller than all seeds; but when it has come up it is greater than the plants, and becomes a tree, so that the birds of heaven come and make their resting-places in its branches. (Root in BBE YLT)

Matthew 20:7 They say to him, Because no man has given us work. He says to them, Go in with the rest, into the vine-garden. (BBE)

Matthew 20:10 Then those who came first had the idea that they would get more; and they, like the rest, were given a penny. (BBE)

Matthew 22:6 and the rest grabbed his servants, and treated them shamefully, and killed them. (WEB WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 25:11 Afterwards come also the rest of the virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us; (DBY YLT)

Matthew 26:45 Then he came to his disciples, and said to them, "Sleep on now, and take your rest. Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Matthew 27:49 The rest said, "Let him be. Let's see whether Elijah comes to save him." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Mark 4:13 "Do you all miss the meaning of this parable?" He added; "how then will you understand the rest of my parables?" (WEY)

Mark 4:32 But when it is planted, it comes up, and becomes taller than all the plants, and puts out great branches, so that the birds of heaven are able to take rest in its shade. (BBE YLT)

Mark 4:39 And he came out of his sleep, and gave strong orders to the wind, and said to the sea, Peace, be at rest. And the wind went down, and there was a great calm. (BBE)

Mark 6:31 He said to them, "You come apart into a deserted place, and rest awhile." For there were many coming and going, and they had no leisure so much as to eat. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 9:2 Six days later, Jesus took with Him Peter, James, and John, and brought them alone, apart from the rest, up a high mountain; and in their presence His appearance underwent a change. (WEY)

Mark 12:22 And so did the rest of the seven, all dying childless. Finally the woman also died. (WEY)

Mark 14:41 He came the third time, and said to them, "Sleep on now, and take your rest. It is enough. The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 16:13 They went away and told it to the rest. They didn't believe them, either. (WEB WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT RSV NIV)

Luke 1:35 And the angel in answer said to her, The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will come to rest on you, and so that which will come to birth will be named holy, Son of God. (BBE)

Luke 2:7 And she had her first son; and folding him in linen, she put him to rest in the place where the cattle had their food, because there was no room for them in the house. (BBE)

Luke 3:20 now added this to crown all the rest, that he threw John into prison. (WEY DBY)

Luke 8:10 He said, "To you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of God, but to the rest in parables; that'seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.' (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS)

Luke 8:45 "Who is it touched me?" Jesus asked. And when all denied having done so, Peter and the rest said, "Rabbi, the crowds are hemming you in and pressing on you." (WEY)

Luke 9:58 And Jesus said to him, Foxes have holes and the birds of the air have resting-places, but the Son of man has nowhere to put his head. (Root in BBE YLT)

Luke 10:6 If a son of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; but if not, it will return to you. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 11:24 The unclean spirit, when he has gone out of the man, passes through dry places, seeking rest, and finding none, he says,'I will turn back to my house from which I came out.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 12:19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have a great amount of goods in store, enough for a number of years; be at rest, take food and wine and be happy. (BBE YLT)

Luke 12:26 If then you aren't able to do even the least things, why are you anxious about the rest? (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)

Luke 13:4 Or those eighteen on whom the tower at Siloam fell, do you suppose they had failed in their duty more than all the rest of the people who live in Jerusalem? (WEY)

Luke 13:19 It is like a grain of mustard seed which a man took and put in his garden, and it became a tree, and the birds of heaven made their resting-places in its branches. (Root in BBE YLT)

Luke 18:9 And he spoke also to some, who trusted in themselves that they were righteous and made nothing of all the rest of men, this parable: (DBY YLT)

Luke 18:11 The Pharisee stood and prayed to himself like this:'God, I thank you, that I am not like the rest of men, extortioners, unrighteous, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. (WEB ASV DBY YLT)

Luke 21:37 And every day he was teaching in the Temple and every night he went out to the mountain which is named the Mountain of Olives to take his rest. (BBE)

Luke 23:55 And the women who had come with him from Galilee went after him and saw the place and how his body had been put to rest; (BBE)

Luke 23:56 They returned, and prepared spices and ointments. On the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Luke 24:9 returned from the tomb, and told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Luke 24:10 The women were Mary of Magdala, Joanna, and Mary the mother of James; and they and the rest of the women related all this to the Apostles. (WEY)

Luke 24:33 So they rose and without an hour's delay returned to Jerusalem, and found the Eleven and the rest met together, who said to them, (WEY)

Luke 24:49 And remember that I am about to send out my Father's promised gift to rest upon you. But, as for you, wait patiently in the city until you are clothed with power from on high." (WEY)

John 4:6 Jacob's Well was there: and accordingly Jesus, tired out with His journey, sat down by the well to rest. It was about six o'clock in the evening. (WEY BBE)

John 11:11 These things said he: and after that he said to them, Lazarus our friend is at rest; but I go so that I may make him come out of his sleep. (BBE)

John 11:13 Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought that he spoke of taking rest in sleep. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV)

John 11:16 Thomas therefore, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, "Let's go also, that we may die with him." (See NIV)

John 19:40 Then they took the body of Jesus, folding linen about it with the spices, as is the way of the Jews when they put the dead to rest. (BBE)

John 20:25 So the rest of the disciples told him, "We have seen the Master!" His reply was, "Unless I see in his hands the wound made by the nails and put my finger into the wound, and put my hand into his side, I will never believe it." (WEY)

John 21:8 But the rest of the disciples came in the small boat (for they were not far from land--only about a hundred yards off) (WEY)

Acts 2:3 And they saw tongues, like flames of fire, coming to rest on every one of them. (BBE NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 2:26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: (KJV WEY BBE WBS YLT)

Acts 2:37 Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, "Brothers, what shall we do?" (WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Acts 5:2 with her full knowledge and consent, dishonestly kept back part of the price which he received for it, though he brought the rest and gave it to the Apostles. (WEY BBE NIV)

Acts 5:13 None of the rest dared to join them, however the people honored them. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Acts 7:16 And they were taken over to Shechem, and put to rest in the place which Abraham got for a price in silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem. (BBE)

Acts 7:49 'heaven is my throne, and the earth a footstool for my feet. What kind of house will you build me?' says the Lord;'or what is the place of my rest? (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)

Acts 7:60 And going down on his knees, he said in a loud voice, Lord, do not make them responsible for this sin. And when he had said this, he went to his rest. (BBE)

Acts 9:31 Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied. (KJV WBS)

Acts 15:17 That the rest of men may seek after the Lord; All the Gentiles who are called by my name, Says the Lord, who does all these things. (WEB WEY BBE NAS RSV)

Acts 16:17 She kept following close behind Paul and the rest of us, crying aloud, "These men are the bondservants of the Most High God, and are proclaiming to you the way of salvation." (WEY NIV)

Acts 17:9 When they had taken security from Jason and the rest, they let them go. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT RSV)

Acts 20:13 The rest of us had already gone on board a ship, and now we set sail for Assos, intending to take Paul on board there; for so he had arranged, he himself intending to go by land. (WEY)

Acts 21:18 And on the day after, Paul went with us to James, and all the rulers of the church were present. (See NIV)

Acts 23:6 But when Paul saw that half of them were Sadducees and the rest Pharisees, he said in the Sanhedrin, Brothers, I am a Pharisee, and the son of Pharisees: I am here to be judged on the question of the hope of the coming back from the dead. (BBE)

Acts 27:3 And on the day after, we came to Sidon; and Julius was kind to Paul, and let him go to see his friends and take a rest. (BBE)

Acts 27:44 and the rest should follow, some on planks, and some on other things from the ship. So it happened that they all escaped safely to the land. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 28:9 Then when this was done, the rest also who had diseases in the island came, and were cured. (WEB ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 1:13 Now I don't desire to have you unaware, brothers, that I often planned to come to you, and was hindered so far, that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV)

Romans 2:17 Indeed you bear the name of a Jew, and rest on the law, and glory in God, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)

Romans 4:9 Does this blessedness then rest on the circumcision, or also on the uncircumcision? For we say that faith has been reckoned to Abraham as righteousness. (DBY)

Romans 4:16 For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace, to the end that the promise may be sure to all the seed, not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all. (See RSV)

Romans 11:7 What then? That which Israel seeks for, that he didn't obtain, but the chosen ones obtained it, and the rest were hardened. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Romans 11:15 For, if by their putting away, the rest of men have been made friends with God, what will their coming back again be, but life from the dead? (BBE)

Romans 15:32 that I may come to you in joy through the will of God, and together with you, find rest. (WEB WEY ASV BBE NAS)

1 Corinthians 1:16 Yes, I baptised also the house of Stephanas; for the rest I know not if I have baptised any other. (DBY)

1 Corinthians 2:5 so that your trust might rest not on the wisdom of man but on the power of God. (WEY NAS RSV NIV)

1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no one deceive himself. If any man imagines that he is wise, compared with the rest of you, with the wisdom of the present age, let him become "foolish" so that he may be wise. (WEY)

1 Corinthians 4:2 and as to the rest, it is required in the stewards that one may be found faithful, (YLT)

1 Corinthians 7:12 But to the rest I-not the Lord-say, if any brother has an unbelieving wife, and she is content to live with him, let him not leave her. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Corinthians 7:29 But this I say, brethren, the time is straitened. For the rest, that they who have wives, be as not having any: (DBY)

1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we no right to take along a wife who is a believer, even as the rest of the apostles, and the brothers of the Lord, and Cephas? (WEB WEY ASV BBE NAS)

1 Corinthians 9:6 Or I only and Barnabas, have we no right to take a rest from work? (BBE)

1 Corinthians 11:34 But if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest your coming together be for judgment. The rest I will set in order whenever I come. (WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS YLT)

1 Corinthians 14:22 For this reason tongues are for a sign, not to those who have faith, but to those who have not: but the prophet's word is for those who have faith, and not for the rest who have not. (BBE)

1 Corinthians 14:29 But if there are Prophets, let two or three speak and let the rest judge. (WEY)

1 Corinthians 15:10 But what I am I am by the grace of God, and His grace bestowed upon me did not prove ineffectual. But I labored more strenuously than all the rest--yet it was not I, but God's grace working with me. (WEY)

1 Corinthians 15:19 If in this present life we have a *hope* resting on Christ, and nothing more, we are more to be pitied than all the rest of the world. (Root in WEY)

1 Corinthians 15:37 And what thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall be, but a bare grain: it may be of wheat, or some one of the rest: (DBY)

2 Corinthians 2:13 I had no rest in my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, I went from thence into Macedonia. (KJV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

2 Corinthians 7:5 For, when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side; without were fightings, within were fears. (KJV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

2 Corinthians 7:13 For this reason we feel comforted; and--in addition to this our comfort--we have been filled with all the deeper joy at Titus's joy, because his spirit has been set at rest by you all. (WEY RSV)

2 Corinthians 12:9 He has said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness." Most gladly therefore I will rather glory in my weaknesses, that the power of Christ may rest on me. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT RSV NIV)

2 Corinthians 12:13 For what is there in which you were made inferior to the rest of the assemblies, unless it is that I myself was not a burden to you? Forgive me this wrong. (WEB ASV YLT NAS RSV)

2 Corinthians 13:2 I have said beforehand, and I do say beforehand, as when I was present the second time, so now, being absent, I write to those who have sinned before now, and to all the rest, that, if I come again, I will not spare; (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS)

2 Corinthians 13:11 For the rest, brethren, rejoice; be perfected; be encouraged; be of one mind; be at peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you. (DBY)

Galatians 2:13 And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. (WEB ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV)

Galatians 3:12 The law is not of faith, but, "The man who does them will live by them." (See RSV)

Galatians 6:17 For the rest let no one trouble me, for I bear in my body the brands of the Lord Jesus. (DBY)

Ephesians 2:3 among whom we also all once lived in the lust of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. (WEB ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)


Rest (831 Occurrences)
... (1.) Gr. katapausis, equivalent to the Hebrew word noah (Hebrews 4:1). (2.)
Gr. anapausis, "rest from weariness" (Matthew 11:28). (3.) Gr. ...
/r/rest.htm - 47k

Foot-rest (2 Occurrences)
Foot-rest. << Foot-race, Foot-rest. Foot-rings >>. Multi-Version
Concordance Foot-rest (2 Occurrences). Hebrews 10:13 And ...
/f/foot-rest.htm - 7k

Sabbath-rest (1 Occurrence)
Sabbath-rest. << Sabbath-produce, Sabbath-rest. Sabbaths >>. Multi-Version
Concordance Sabbath-rest (1 Occurrence). Hebrews ...
/s/sabbath-rest.htm - 6k

Annals (41 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 11:41 Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his
wisdom, aren't they written in the book of the acts of Solomon? (See NIV). ...
/a/annals.htm - 18k

Admitted (16 Occurrences)
... temporal things. (WEY). Hebrews 3:11 As I swore in My anger, they shall
not be admitted to My rest" -- (WEY). Hebrews 3:18 And to ...
/a/admitted.htm - 11k

Achievements (12 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 15:23 Now the rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that
he did, and the cities which he built, aren't they written in the book of ...
/a/achievements.htm - 9k

Sabbatical (1 Occurrence)
... sa-bat'-ik-al, shenath shabbathon; eniautos anapauseos, "a year of solemn rest";
or shabbath shabbathon; sabbata anapausis, "a sabbath of solemn rest...
/s/sabbatical.htm - 16k

Aren't (102 Occurrences)
... Not one of them is forgotten by God. (WEB). Luke 12:26 If then you aren't able to
do even the least things, why are you anxious about the rest? (WEB). ...
/a/aren&#39;t.htm - 35k

Quietness (15 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 22:9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest;
and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around; for his name shall ...
/q/quietness.htm - 10k

Ko'hathites (19 Occurrences)
... Joshua 21:20 The families of the children of Kohath, the Levites, even the rest
of the children of Kohath, had the cities of their lot out of the tribe of ...
/k/ko&#39;hathites.htm - 11k

373. anapauo -- to give rest, give intermission from labor, by ...
... << 372, 373. anapauo. 374 >>. to give rest, give intermission from labor, by
impl. refresh. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: anapauo ...
/greek/373.htm - 8k

2664. katapauo -- to cause to cease, to rest
... to cause to cease, to rest. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: katapauo Phonetic
Spelling: (kat-ap-ow'-o) Short Definition: I rest, cause to rest Definition ...
/greek/2664.htm - 6k

2663. katapausis -- rest
... rest. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: katapausis Phonetic Spelling:
(kat-ap'-ow-sis) Short Definition: resting, rest Definition: (in the Old ...
/greek/2663.htm - 6k

372. anapausis -- cessation, rest
... cessation, rest. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: anapausis Phonetic
Spelling: (an-ap'-ow-sis) Short Definition: rest, cessation from labor ...
/greek/372.htm - 6k

4520. sabbatismos -- a sabbath rest
... a sabbath rest. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: sabbatismos Phonetic
Spelling: (sab-bat-is-mos') Short Definition: a Sabbath rest Definition: a ...
/greek/4520.htm - 6k

1879. epanapauo -- to refresh, rest upon
... to refresh, rest upon. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: epanapauo Phonetic
Spelling: (ep-an-ah-pow'-om-ahee) Short Definition: I rest upon, rely on, trust ...
/greek/1879.htm - 6k

3062. loipos -- the rest, the remaining
... the rest, the remaining. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: loipos Phonetic
Spelling: (loy-poy') Short Definition: left, left behind, the remainder ...
/greek/3062.htm - 7k

4875. sunanapauomai -- to lie down to rest with, fig. to be ...
... << 4874, 4875. sunanapauomai. 4876 >>. to lie down to rest with, fig. ... Word Origin
from sun and the mid. of anapauo Definition to lie down to rest with, fig. ...
/greek/4875.htm - 7k

1515. eirene -- one, peace, quietness, rest.
... << 1514, 1515. eirene. 1516 >>. one, peace, quietness, rest. ... peace, by impl. welfare
NASB Word Usage peace (91), undisturbed* (1). one, peace, quietness, rest. ...
/greek/1515.htm - 7k

425. anesis -- a loosening, relaxation
... Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: anesis Phonetic Spelling: (an'-es-is) Short
Definition: relief, remission, indulgence, freedom, rest Definition: relief ...
/greek/425.htm - 6k

ATS Bible Dictionary

In Acts 9:31, refers to the respite from persecution enjoyed by the Christians in Palestine, after the conversion of Saul of Tarsus, during the last two years of Caligula's short reign, A. D. 39 and 40, when the Jews were so harassed by the attempts of the emperor to force them to worship him as a god, that they forbore to afflict the followers of Christ.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia



1. Name 2. Contents 3. Original Language 4. Versions 5. Date




The Book of Esther in the oldest manuscripts of the Septuagint (BAN, etc.) contains 107 verses more than in the Hebrew Bible. These additions are scattered throughout the book where they were originally inserted in order to supply the religious element apparently lacking in the Hebrew text. In Jerome's version and in the Vulgate, which is based on it, the longest and most important of these additions are taken out of their context and put together at the end of the canonical book, thus making them to a large extent unintelligible. In English, Welsh and other Protestant versions of the Scriptures the whole of the additions appear in the Apocrypha.

1. Name:

In the English Versions of the Bible the full title is "The Rest of the Chapters of the Book of Esther, which are found neither in the Hebrew, nor in the Chaldee." Since in the Septuagint, including the editions by Fritzsche, Tischendorf and Swete, these chapters appear in their original context, they bear no separate title. The same is true of Brereton's English translation of the Septuagint; but in Thompson's translation the whole of the Apocrypha is omitted, so that it is not strictly a translation of the whole Septuagint.

2. Contents:

In Swete's edition of the Septuagint the interpretations constituting "the Rest of Esther" (sometimes given as "Additions to Esther") are designated by the capital letters of the alphabet, and in the following enumeration this will be followed. The several places in the Greek Bible are indicated in each case.

A (Latin, English, Additions to Esther 11:2; 12:6): Mordecai's dream; how he came to honor. Precedes Esther 1:1.

B (Latin, English, Additions to Esther 13:1-7): Letter of Artaxerxes. Follows Esther 3:13.

C (Latin, English, Additions to Esther 13:8-14:19): The prayers of Mordecai and Esther. Follows Esther 4:17.

D (Latin, Additions to Esther 15:4-19; English, 16:1-16): Esther visits the king and wins his favor. Follows C, preceding immediately Esther 5.

E (Latin, English, Additions to Esther 16:1-24): Another letter of Artaxerxes. Follows Esther 8:12. F (Latin, English, Additions to Esther 10:4-11): Epilogue describing the origin of the Feast Purim. Follows Esther 10:3.

But besides the lengthy interpolations noticed above there are also in the Septuagint small additions omitted from the Latin and therefore from the English, Welsh, etc., Apocrypha. These short additions are nearly all explanatory glosses. In the Century Bible (Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther) the exact places where the insertions occur in the Septuagint are indicated and described in the notes dealing with the relevant passages of the canonical text. With the help thus given any English reader is able to read the additions in their original setting. Unless they are read in this way they are pointless and even in most cases senseless.

3. Original Language:

All scholars agree that "The Rest of Esther" was written originally in Greek Both external and internal evidence bears this out. But the Greek text has come down to us in two recensions which differ considerably.

(1) The commonly received text supported by the manuscripts B, A, N, and by Josephus (Ant., XI, i).

(2) A revision of (1) contained in the manuscripts 19, 93a and 108b. In the last two manuscripts both recensions occur. This revised text has been ascribed by many recent scholars (Lagarde, Schurer, R. H. Charles) to Lucian. In his Libr. Vet. Test. Canon. Graece, Pars Prior, 1833 (all published), Lagarde gives on parallel pages both recensions with critical notes on both.

4. Versions:

The two Greek texts are also given by Fritzsche (1871) and Swete (1891) in their editions of the Septuagint, and also by Scholz in his German Commentary on the Book of Esther (1892). For the ancient versions see "Esther Versions."

5. Date:

Practically all modern scholars agree in holding that "The Rest of Esther" is some decades later than the canonical book. In his commentary on Esther (Century Bible) the present writer has given reasons for dating the canonical Esther about 130 B.C. One could not go far astray in fixing the date of the original Greek of the Additions to Esther at about 100 B.C. It is evident that we owe these interpolations to a Jewish zealot who wished to give the Book of Esther a religious character. In his later years John Hyrcanus (135-103 B.C.) identified himself with the Sadducean or rationalistic party, thus breaking with the Pharisee or orthodox party to which the Maccabeans had hitherto belonged. Perhaps we owe these additions to the zeal aroused among orthodox Jews by the rationalizing temper prevailing in court circles. R. H. Charles (Encyclopedia Brit, XI, 797b) favors a date during the early (?) Maccabean period; but this would give the Ad Esther an earlier date than can be ascribed to the canonical Esther.


See the literature cited above, and in addition note the following: Fritzsche, Exegetisches Handbuch zu den Apokryphen (1851), 67-108; Schurer, History of the Jewish People, II, iii, 181 (Ger. edition 4, III, 449); Ryssel (in Kautzsch, Apocrypha, 193); Swete, Introduction to the Old Testament in Greek, 257 if; the articles in the principal Bible Dictionaries, including Jewish Encyclopedia and Encyclopedia Britannica (11th edition).

See also under ESTHER.

T. Witton Davies


(nuach, menuchah, "cessation from motion," "peace," "quiet," etc.; anapausis, katapausis): "Rest" in the above sense is of frequent occurrence, and is the translation of several words with various applications and shades of meaning, chiefly of the words given above. It is applied to God as ceasing from the work of creating on the 7th day (Genesis 2:2 f); as having His place of rest in the midst of His people in the temple (1 Chronicles 28:2 Psalm 132:8, 14); as resting in His love among His people (Zechariah 3:17, the Revised Version margin "Hebrew, `be silent' "). The 7th day was to be one of rest (Exodus 16:23; Exodus 31:15; see SABBATH); the land also was to have its rest in the 7th year (Leviticus 25:4 f). Yahweh promised His people rest in the land He should give them; this they looked forward to and enjoyed (Deuteronomy 12:9 Joshua 11:23). "To rest on" often means to come upon to abide, as of the Spirit of Yahweh (Numbers 11:25 Isaiah 11:2), of wisdom (Proverbs 14:33), of anger (Ecclesiastes 7:9). There is again the "rest" of the grave (Job 3:13, 17, 18 Isaiah 57:2 Daniel 12:13). Rest is sometimes equivalent to trust, reliance (2 Chronicles 14:11, the Revised Version (British and American) "rely"). Hence, rest in Yahweh (Psalm 37:7, etc.); "rest" in the spiritual sense is not, however, prominent in the Old Testament. In the New Testament Christ's great offer is rest to the soul (Matthew 11:28). In Hebrews 4:1;, it is argued from God's having promised His people a "rest"-a promise not realized in Canaan (4:8)-that there remains for the people of God "a Sabbath rest" (sabbatismos, 4:9). For "rest" the Revised Version (British and American) has "solemn rest" (Exodus 16:23; Exodus 31:15, etc.), "resting-place" (Psalm 132:8, 14 Isaiah 11:10), "peace" (Acts 9:31), "relief" (2 Corinthians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 7:5), etc.

See also REMNANT.

W. L. Walker

Easton's Bible Dictionary

(1.) Gr. katapausis, equivalent to the Hebrew word noah (Hebrews 4:1).

(2.) Gr. anapausis, "rest from weariness" (Matthew 11:28).

(3.) Gr. anesis, "relaxation" (2 Thessalonians 1:7).

(4.) Gr. sabbatismos, a Sabbath rest, a rest from all work (Hebrews 4:9; R.V., "sabbath"), a rest like that of God when he had finished the work of creation.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (v. t.) To arrest.

2. (n.) A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquility; as, rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind.

3. (n.) Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.

4. (n.) Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.

5. (n.) That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, a rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or steadying the work.

6. (n.) A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.

7. (n.) A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.

8. (n.) A short pause in reading verse.

9. (n.) The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account.

10. (n.) A set or game at tennis.

11. (n.) Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are, whole, half, quarter, etc.

12. (n.) To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or exertion.

13. (n.) To be free from whatever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.

14. (n.) To lie; to repose; to recline; to lay; as, to rest on a couch.

15. (n.) To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, a column rests on its pedestal.

16. (n.) To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.

17. (n.) To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety; as, to rest on a man's promise.

18. (n.) To be satisfied; to acquiesce.

19. (v. t.) To lay or place at rest; to quiet.

20. (v. t.) To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.

21. (n.) That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.

22. (n.) Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.

23. (n.) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.

24. (v. i.) To be left; to remain; to continue to be.

Strong's Hebrew
5117. nuach -- to rest
... << 5116c, 5117. nuach. 5118 >>. to rest. Transliteration: nuach Phonetic Spelling:
(noo'-akh) Short Definition: rest. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/5117.htm - 7k

7280b. raga -- to be at rest, repose
... << 7280a, 7280b. raga. 7280c >>. to be at rest, repose. Transliteration: raga
Short Definition: rest. Word Origin a prim. root Definition ...
/hebrew/7280b.htm - 5k

7605. shear -- rest, residue, remnant
... << 7604, 7605. shear. 7606 >>. rest, residue, remnant. Transliteration: shear
Phonetic Spelling: (sheh-awr') Short Definition: rest. ...
/hebrew/7605.htm - 6k

4496. menuchah -- resting place, rest
... << 4495, 4496. menuchah or menuchah. 4497 >>. resting place, rest. Transliteration:
menuchah or menuchah Phonetic Spelling: (men-oo-khaw') Short Definition: rest ...
/hebrew/4496.htm - 6k

7606. shear -- rest, remainder
... << 7605, 7606. shear. 7607 >>. rest, remainder. Transliteration: shear Phonetic
Spelling: (sheh-awr') Short Definition: rest. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/7606.htm - 6k

4771. margoa -- a rest
... a rest. Transliteration: margoa Phonetic Spelling: (mar-go'-ah) Short Definition:
rest. Word Origin from raga Definition a rest NASB Word Usage rest (1). rest. ...
/hebrew/4771.htm - 6k

1824. domi -- cessation, a pause, a quiet, a rest
... << 1823, 1824. domi. 1825 >>. cessation, a pause, a quiet, a rest. Transliteration:
domi Phonetic Spelling: (dem-ee') Short Definition: rest. ...
/hebrew/1824.htm - 6k

4494. manoach -- a resting place, state or condition of rest
... << 4493, 4494. manoach. 4495 >>. a resting place, state or condition of rest.
Transliteration: manoach Phonetic Spelling: (maw-no'-akh) Short Definition: rest. ...
/hebrew/4494.htm - 6k

7599. shaan -- to be at ease or at peace, rest securely
... shaan. 7600 >>. to be at ease or at peace, rest securely. Transliteration: shaan
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-an') Short Definition: ease. ... be at ease, be quiet, rest ...
/hebrew/7599.htm - 6k

5183a. nachath -- quietness, rest
... << 5183, 5183a. nachath. 5183b >>. quietness, rest. Transliteration: nachath
Short Definition: rest. Word Origin from nuach Definition ...
/hebrew/5183a.htm - 5k


Recreation (Rest): Jesus Takes, from the Pressures of his Ministry


Rest: Days of

Rest: Heavenly

Rest: Recommended by Jesus

Rest: Spiritual

Rest: The Annual Feasts, Added Rest Days

Related Terms

Foot-rest (2 Occurrences)

Sabbath-rest (1 Occurrence)

Annals (41 Occurrences)

Admitted (16 Occurrences)

Achievements (12 Occurrences)

Sabbatical (1 Occurrence)

Aren't (102 Occurrences)

Quietness (15 Occurrences)

Ko'hathites (19 Occurrences)

Colleagues (8 Occurrences)

Associates (26 Occurrences)

Security (41 Occurrences)

Kohath (30 Occurrences)

Celebrate (66 Occurrences)

Allotted (54 Occurrences)

Survivors (49 Occurrences)

Content (30 Occurrences)

Six (198 Occurrences)

Seventh (123 Occurrences)

Kohathite (18 Occurrences)

Counsellor (16 Occurrences)

Chancellor (3 Occurrences)

Subside (5 Occurrences)

Still (2005 Occurrences)

She-lion (8 Occurrences)

Shimshai (4 Occurrences)

Shim'shai (4 Occurrences)

Satisfy (32 Occurrences)

Amazi'ah (37 Occurrences)

Companions (58 Occurrences)

Year (4027 Occurrences)

Solemn (100 Occurrences)

Completed (109 Occurrences)

Confidently (32 Occurrences)

Safety (72 Occurrences)

Sleep (136 Occurrences)

Secretary (34 Occurrences)

Subdued (41 Occurrences)

Quiet (167 Occurrences)

Homes (43 Occurrences)

Anxious (40 Occurrences)

Base (127 Occurrences)

Sinful (61 Occurrences)

Arrayed (46 Occurrences)

Suburbs (75 Occurrences)

Scribe (55 Occurrences)

Crops (48 Occurrences)

Sleeping (69 Occurrences)

Sabbaths (53 Occurrences)

Angry (269 Occurrences)

Cease (138 Occurrences)

Killed (352 Occurrences)

Sware (90 Occurrences)

Vine-gardens (41 Occurrences)

Clans (120 Occurrences)

Builder (33 Occurrences)

Safely (83 Occurrences)

Korah (51 Occurrences)

Attackers (41 Occurrences)

Settle (63 Occurrences)

Belief (61 Occurrences)

2000 (3 Occurrences)

Vines (39 Occurrences)

Zerub'babel (23 Occurrences)

Kohath's (3 Occurrences)

Kartah (2 Occurrences)

Sit (216 Occurrences)

Beds (22 Occurrences)

Bishlam (1 Occurrence)

Betrayed (31 Occurrences)

Baasha's (5 Occurrences)

Be'or (11 Occurrences)

Couch (55 Occurrences)

Conspiracy (17 Occurrences)

Collapsed (8 Occurrences)

Challenge (6 Occurrences)

Convocation (19 Occurrences)

Consent (34 Occurrences)

Completing (11 Occurrences)

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