1869. darak
Lexical Summary
darak: to tread, march
Original Word: דָּרַךְ
Transliteration: darak
Phonetic Spelling: (daw-rak')
Part of Speech: Verb
Short Definition: to tread, march
Meaning: to tread, to walk, to string a, bow
Strong's Concordance
archer, bend, come, draw, go over, guide, lead forth, thresh,

A primitive root; to tread; by implication, to walk; also to string a bow (by treading on it in bending) -- archer, bend, come, draw, go (over), guide, lead (forth), thresh, tread (down), walk.


H1869. darak

דָּרַךְverb tread, march (Aramaic דְּרַךְ‎, ; Late Hebrew Hiph`il lead, conduct; Arabic IV. reach, overtake; Ethiopic be rough, serve (from calcavit, Di); threshold, vestibule) —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular דָּרַךְNumbers 24:17 6t.; 3 feminine singular דָּֽרְכָהJoshua 14:9; 2masculine singular דָּרַכְתָּHabakkuk 3:15; 1singular דָּרַכְתִּיIsaiah 63:3; Zechariah 9:13; plural דָּֽרְכוּJob 22:15 3t.; Imperfect3masculine singular יִדְרֹךְMicah 5:4 6t. + ידרךJeremiah 51:3 (קוי ולא כתיב‎); 3 feminine singular תִּדְרֹךְDeuteronomy 11:24; Joshua 1:3; 2masculine singular תִּדְרֹךְDeuteronomy 33:29 2t.; 2 feminine singular תִּדְרְכִיJudges 5:21; 1singular suffix וְאֶדְרְכֵםIsaiah 63:3; 3masculine plural יִדְרְכוּ1 Samuel 5:5, יִדְרְכוּןPsalm 11:2, וַיִּדְרְכוּJudges 9:27; 2masculine plural תִּדְרְכוּDeuteronomy 11:25; Participle active דֹּרֵךְAmos 4:13 5t.; דּוֺרֵךְJob 9:8; דֹּרְכִיםJeremiah 25:30; Nehemiah 13:15; דֹּרְכֵיJeremiah 46:9 5t.; passive feminine דְּרוּכָהIsaiah 21:15; דְּרֻכוֺת5:28; —

1 tread, march, march forth, absolute, עֹז נַפְשִׁי תִּדְרְכִיJudges 5:21; compare מִיַּעֲקֹב כּוֺכָב דָּרַךְNumbers 24:17 (poem) a star hath marched forth from Jacob.

2 tread upon (land), followed by בְּDeuteronomy 1:36; 11:25 (subject person), Joshua 14:9 (subject רֶגֶל‎) compare Deuteronomy 11:24 = Joshua 1:3 (subject רַגְלְכֶם כַּף‎); tread in a path, followed by בְּIsaiah 59:8 (figurative of mode of life); tread in (on) the sea, followed by בְּHabakkuk 3:15 (but text dubious compare VB); of an invader בְּאַרְמְנוֺתֵינוּ יִדְרֹךְMicah 5:4 ("" בְּאַרְצֵנוּ יָבוֺא‎); ׳יִד בִּגְבולֵינוּ5:5 ("" id.); followed by עַל1 Samuel 5:5 (דָּגוֺן עַלמִֿפְתַּן‎); Psalm 91:3 (וָפֶתֶן עַלשַֿׁחַל‎); especially (poetry) אֶרֶץ עַלבָּֿמֳו֯תֵיMicah 1:3, of ׳י‎, so Amos 4:13, & (יָ֑ם עַלבָּֿמֳתֵי‎) Job 9:8; of Israel treading on heights of enemies, i.e. subduing them Deuteronomy 33:29. Once followed by accusative (אֲשֶׁר‎ reference אֹרַח‎) Job 22:15. In technical senses

3 tread wine- (or oil-) press, followed by accusative יְקָבִיםJob 24:11 ("" יַצְהִירוּ‎), גִּתּוֺתNehemiah 13:15; followed by accusative of thing pressed ׳ד עֲנָבִיםAmos 9:13; also of product וְתִירוֺשׁ ֗֗֗ תִּדְרֹךְזַֿיִתMicah 6:15; הַדֹּרֵךְ יִדְרֹךְ לֹא בַּיְקָבִים יַיִןIsaiah 16:10; followed by בְּגַת63:2 (in simile); absolute Jeremiah 25:30 (simile) 48:33; figurative of judgment Isaiah 63:3 followed by accusative מּוּרָהwinepress, subject ׳י‎, compare 63:3 בְּאַמִּי וְאֶדְרְכֵם‎ ("" רמס‎), i.e. tread them down; so בַּתיְֿהוּדָה לִבְתוּלַת אֲדֹנָי דָּרַךְ גַּתLamentations 1:15.

4 tread (i.e. bend) the bow, followed by accusative קֶשֶׁתJeremiah 51:8 (קַשְׁתּוֺ הַדֹּרֵךְ יד֯רך אֶליִֿדְרֹךְ‎); figurative of assaults of wicked Psalm 11:2; 37:14, of judgments of ׳י‎ Psalm 7:18; Lamentations 2:4; 3:12; also figurative of Judah as bow in hand of יְהוּדָה לִי דָרַכְתִּי כִּי ׳י,Zechariah 9:13 ("" אֶפְרַיִם מִלֵּאתִי קֶשֶׁת‎); twice in like meaning with object חֵץarrow Psalm 58:8 (but on text compare Checritical note.) 64:4; קֶשֶׁת דֹּרְכֵי‎ = bow-benders, archers Jeremiah 50:14, 29; 1 Chronicles 5:18; 8:40; 2 Chronicles 14:7; דְּרוּכָה קֶשֶׁתbent bow Isaiah 21:15; דְּרֻכוֺת קַשְׁתֹֿתָיו5:28.

Hiph`il Perfect וְהִדְרִיךְIsaiah 11:15; suffix הִדְרִיכָהּJeremiah 51:33 (where many Infinitive construct) compare RSJ Ph xvi. (1888) 72; 1 singular suffix הִדְרַכְתִּיךָProverbs 4:11; 3plural suffix הִדְרִיכֻ֑הוּJudges 20:43, הִדְרִיכוּהוּJob 28:8; Imperfect יַדְרֵךְPsalm 25:9, suffix יַדְרִכֵנִיHabakkuk 3:19; וַיַּדְרִיכֵםPsalm 107:7; 1singular suffix אַדְרִיכֵםIsaiah 42:16; וַיַּדְרְכוּJeremiah 9:2 (compare Ges§ 53, 3, R 4); Imperative masculine singular suffix הַדְרִיכֵנִיPsalm 25:5; 119:35; Infinitive construct see above; Participle suffix מַדְרִיכְךָIsaiah 48:17; —

1 tread, tread down, of treading down enemy in battle Judges 20:43; of treading a path Job 28:8; levelling threshing-floor Jeremiah 51:33 (all followed by suffix).

2 tread (bend) the bow (= Qal 4), only figurative שֶׁקֶר קַשְׁתָּם אֶתלְֿשׁוֺנָם וַיַּדְרְכוּJeremiah 9:2 and they have bent their tongue as their bow in falsehood.

3 causative, cause to tread or march, lead, returning exiles Isaiah 11:15 (subject ׳י‎; no object expressed); compare יְשָׁרָה בְּדֶרֶךְ וַיַּדְרִיכֵםPsalm 107:7 and he led them in a straight way; see also Isaiah 42:16 ("" הוֺלִיךְ‎); with a moral application בְּמַעְגְּלֵייֿשֶׁר הִדְרַכְתִּיךָProverbs 4:11; compare Psalm 119:35 מִצְוֺתֶיךָ בִּנְתִיב הַדְרִיכֵנִיlead me in the path of thy commandments; 25:5 בַּאֲמִתֶּ֑ךָ‎ "" (לַמְּדֵנִיׅ‎ compare 25:9 בַּמִּשְׁמָּט דַּרְכּוֺ) יְלַמֵּד‎, Isaiah 48:17 תֵּלֵךְ בְּדֶרֶךְ‎ "" מְלַמֶּדְךָׅ (לְהוֺעִל‎; once of giving security & triumph יַדְרִכֵנִי עַלבָּֿמוֺתַיHabakkuk 3:19 upon mine heights he maketh me tread (compare Qal 2).


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